300% increase in black terrorism in Africa

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Saudi Arabia – by Ayman Al-Wash – American researcher Natasha Lewis believes that terrorism is on the rise again in Africa, with extremists getting closer to establishing a caliphate in Africa.

The African Center for Strategic Studies, an analysis organization affiliated with the Pentagon, reported this summer that terrorist attacks in Africa have increased 300% in the past decade and that violent attacks have doubled in the past three years.

“With the easing of Covid-19 restrictions and rising unemployment, sub-Saharan Africa has become a hotbed of terrorism,” Lewis, a researcher specializing in African security, including terrorism, conflict and human rights, says in a report. Published by American National Interest magazine.

The Africa Center said that terrorism-related deaths there have increased by more than a thousand people since 2007, and that half of the total deaths globally last year were due to black terrorism, which occurred in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly the Sahel region, and Africa, which is also severely affected by the effects of global warming. Affected, as communities become rural and poor are more vulnerable to the influence of militant groups and are looking for opportunities to support their families.

Lewis, who holds a master’s degree in global affairs with a focus on international security from New York University, added that the US Africa Command (AFRICOM) said last month that al-Shabaab has the largest and most active kinetic base network in the world, and its desire to attack the United States And the potential has been proven, a week later, al-Shabaab launched a massive attack in Mogadishu, killing more than 100 civilians and injuring 300 others.

As terrorism spreads to more than a dozen African countries, the prospect of a Cold War between the United States, Russia and China is becoming more important to ask how foreign countries will become more involved. In any case, there is no doubt that countries like France and the United States, which have faced major failures in Africa and the Middle East, for example, the United States, were very cautious in their involvement in Somalia to avoid a repeat of the historical events that happened in 1993. However, such military choices have been counterproductive, leading to ill-advised changes in policy.

Lewis points out that nearly three-quarters of US foreign operations between 1989 and 2018 were unconventional. Yet, US military strategy has shifted over the years away from terrorism and toward reducing and reducing strategic competition between countries, particularly Russia and China. Counter-insurgency operations have been significantly weakened. According to American military researcher Alexander Calliot, “a great ability to strengthen American influence in unstable strategic areas”. US Army officer Justin Leach warned in 2014 that terrorist groups are taking advantage of this shift away from counterinsurgency activities in Pakistan, as well as affiliated groups in North Africa, Yemen and other regions; Boko Haram in Nigeria and al-Shabaab in Somalia faced off against their enemies in pitched battles; ISIS is also growing at an alarming rate in Syria and Iraq. More extremist groups will emerge.

The proliferation of existing terrorist groups and the emergence of new groups in Africa has proven true to Lynch’s predictions, Lewis asserted.

As the United States and the African Union withdrew from countries like Somalia, terrorist groups were emboldened, Russian and Chinese propaganda drove a wedge against the West, and anti-French sentiment led to deadly attacks and a complete withdrawal from Mali.

Most prominent terrorist groups in Africa:

  • Al-Shabaab group in Somalia.
  • Boko Haram in Nigeria.
  • Brotherhood organization in North Africa.
  • Ras Kamboni Brigades in Central Africa.
  • Ansar al-Islam in Burkina Faso.
  • Ansar al-Sharia in Libya.
  • ISIS.
  • Al-Qaeda organization.

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Mojtaba Sadira

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