Iran's new ambassador to the Vatican, Pope John Paul II said the freedom
Iranian Catholics have to go to Mass is only part of the religious freedom
they are due, reports CNS.
"The freedom of worship is just one aspect of religious freedom, which must be the same for all the citizens of a country," the pope said in an Oct. 29 message to the new ambassador, Mohammad Javad Faridzadeh, former president of the International Centre for Dialogue Among Civilizations.
Pope John Paul called specifically for legal recognition of the "juridical personality" of church institutions so that they can carry out their work with stability and tranquility.
The pope used his message to "greet the Catholic communities of various rites who live in Iran and who, with their Orthodox brothers and sisters, ensure the continuity of the centuries-long Christian presence" in the country.
Pope John Paul told the ambassador that Iranian Christians want their relationship with their Muslim neighbors to be marked by peace, respect, dialogue and cooperation.
"I also want to recall how important, in my eyes, is the effective possibility everyone ... has to freely express their religious convictions, to gather with their brothers and sisters to celebrate the worship owed to God, as well as to guarantee through catechesis the transmission of religious teaching to children and its deepening among young people and adults," the pope said.
Faridzadeh told Pope John Paul that Iran's Islamic government believes "dialogue is, on one hand, a fundamental part of one's relationship with God and, on the other hand, a path for understanding the world and the 'other.'"
"The 'other,' precisely as a human person, and not because of his faith in a given religion or because of his belonging to a race, a land or a particular history, possesses rights that must be recognized and respected by other men," he said.
Iranian ambassador told the pope his government is committed to dialogue in
order to "create profound forms of agreement, harmony and a common
language regarding the fundamental problems of existence."
With terrorism, war, poverty, a lack of respect for human life and for moral values so prevalent in the world, he said, religious believers must work together to meet the threats they pose.
Pope John Paul told him that a commitment to peace "also implies a courageous action against terrorism and to building a world in which all people recognize themselves as children of the same almighty and merciful God."
Mohammad Khatami referred to dialogue among religions as the most supreme
aspect of dialogue among civilizations.
message read to the gathering of "Mysticism, Religious Experience and
dialogue among Religions" which opened in Tarbiat Moddarres University
here Monday, he said the notion of intra-religions dialogue was a
fundamental and strategic one belonging to the contemporary world rather
than being restricted to the daily routines of life.
that nowadays dialogue was a means of finding solutions and making things
clear not only in social and political arenas but in philosophical and
scientific areas as well, he said theories and debates have played a basic
role in consolidating the habit of entering dialogues in the world people.
The Council of Europe and the Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (ISESCO) are to begin planning a series of projects to promote inter-religious and inter-cultural dialogue.
The development follows a two-day visit to the Strasbourg-based Council by ISESCO Director-General Dr Abdulaziz Othman Altwaijri, said a statement issued by the Council.
his stay in Strasbourg, the director-general of the Rabat-based organization
met with the Council’s Chairman of the Ministers’ Deputies and Norwegian
Ambassador Torbjorn Froysnes, Parliamentary Assembly President Peter
Schieder, Secretary General Terry Davis, representatives of the Council’s
as well as with other senior officials.
under consideration include:
organization of educational and cultural initiatives to foster intercultural
campaign for a culture of peace in conjunction with the European Youth
by ISESCO in European inter-cultural fora on dialogue among civilizations,
and an ongoing project on inter-cultural dialogue and conflict prevention.
Setting up of
a multi-disciplinary expert group in close cooperation with other
organizations working in this field to develop teaching materials for
education for dialogue and peace.
With respect to the
North-South Centre of the Council of Europe, a seminar on dialogue among
civilizations to promote a culture of peace (2005), a meeting with European
NGOs for integration of migrants as well as a colloquy on the image of Islam
in Europe (2006) are also planned.
stresses independent dialogue among civilizations, Tehran, Sept 23, 2004
In a visit to the expert library of the International Centre for Dialogue among civilizations, President Mohammad Khatami stressed the need to continue the initiative of Dialogue among civilizations and cultures more independently and freely. He said although the initiative was welcomed by several countries, it was not received in Iran as warmly as it was expected.
He further underlined the
need to promote the initiative at the international level. Global demand and
raising the initiative of Dialogue among civilizations by Iran are two main
reasons that led to the enthusiastic reception of the idea at the
international level, President Khatami noted.
The idea of Dialogue
among civilizations and cultures was brought up and welcomed by the
international community at the end of the 20th century, when the world was
fully engaged with violence, occupation, terrorism and hatred, Khatami said.
Human conscience would
definitely accept what would lead to understanding, Dialogue, avoidance of
violence and rule of wisdom among nations, he added.
Khatami said the Iranian and Armenian peoples remain part of the same ancient “civilization”, despite the cultural and religious differences developed over the centuries. “Every Iranian seems to again find his identity by coming to Armenia,” he declared in a speech at Yerevan State University (YSU). “The poetry, the art works and the sparkles of kindness of this land are all testimony to the existence of bonds between Iran and Armenia.”
“Since the dawn of history, Armenia has had deep and strong links with Iranian culture and civilization,” he went on. “Even religious and ideological differences, which usually create serious divisions in geopolitical regions, have been unable to destroy the civilizational unity of the Iranian world and the Armenian people.”
Khatami also paid tribute to Iran’s ethnic Armenian citizens that currently number more than 100,000. “The role and participation of the Armenians and Armenia in the opening of new horizons and paths of Iran’s development has been significant,” he said in a speech tinged with philosophical passages about the worldwide “dialogue of civilizations” promoted by Tehran.
Visiting Iranian President Mohammad Khatami said that the Iranian and Armenians cultures and civilizations have had strong bonds from the dawn of history.
Addressing Armenian scientists, intellectuals, scholars, and university professors at the State University of Yerevan, he said Iranians and Armenians have always acted as pillars of civilization in the Iranian plateau.
"One of the very interesting facts about our common past is that even the differences in religious creeds, that usually cause serious cleavage among the people of the same regions, have not been able to break the bonds of friendship between the peoples of ancient Iran and Armenia."
Even during the modern period of nation-state formation, when border disputes between the old empires and the new states lead to various forms of territorial and non-territorial disputes, not only there were no discords between Iran and Armenia, but also the ties between the two countries grew much stronger than ever before, the Iranian president noted.
As to Iran-Armenia scientific, industrial, political and cultural cooperation, he said Armenia and Armenians played a great part in the constitutional revolution of Iran and profoundly supported that national cause of the Iranians. The Armenians played an important part in the development and victory of the Islamic Revolution and in the establishment of the Islamic Republic by engaging in an epic and memorable struggle in its support, he added.
The establishment and further development of many new educational, scientific, and industrial institutions in Iran is indebted to the worthy measures taken by the people of Armenia, he said adding that the share of the Armenians in opening up the prospects of modern development and progress to Iran is of very great significance. Among Iranians, Armenians are well known for their honesty, gentleness, integrity, and love of freedom, he said adding, "Our Armenian compatriots have always been a party to all our joys and sorrows."
These have been the root cause of the positive attitude that the Iranians have towards Armenians, the president said noting, "This great asset can be utilized by our thinkers and scholars to develop our better and greater common future."
In the process of carrying out Dialogue among Civilizations, reaching a mutual understanding is of far greater significance than coming to a common decision and a common viewpoint, he added. The prerequisite for achieving a mutual understanding of course is nothing but expanding mutual contacts, the president said adding that contact is the prerequisite for the materialization of dialogues.
President Khatami further expressed his pleasure for witnessing that the scientific and cultural relations between Armenia and Iran have taken the form of a very orderly dialogue, and that certain aspects of each civilization and culture have become subject of discussion and the means of establishing further cooperation.
The special attention paid by Armenian universities to the teaching of the Persian language, and the outstanding participation of Iranian professors and students in the educational environments in Armenia is a manifestation of the determination of both nations to expand bilateral relations, he reiterated.
"We should have no doubt whatsoever that this expansion of relations will lead to the establishment of a deeper mutual understanding and to the safeguarding of the historical assets which the two civilizations have inherited," the president concluded.
During Khatami`s visit to Armenia, which took place at the invitation of Armenian President Robert Kocharian, the two presidents discussed various aspects of mutual relations as well as prospects of cooperation in an atmosphere of mutual understanding and respect.
They assessed the Iranian president’s initiative of dialogue among civilizations and consensus among all countries as an effective factor for consolidation of friendship and understanding among nations. They also stressed the important role of the United Nations and other international organizations in strengthening peace and security across the globe.
President Mohammad Khatami said on Sept 9 that universities are the centers of thoughts and champions of dialogue among civilizations.
"I am happy that (the initiative of) dialogue among civilizations has been welcomed by university professors and students," Khatami said after delivering a speech at Yerevan State University.
”Human beings faced war, grudge, terror and two world wars over the past century, and terrorism also has expanded in the world,” he added. He further noted that dialogue among civilizations seeks the rule of justice in the world, and directs human life towards peace.
The UN General Assembly accepted the initiative in 2001 without opposition, he said, adding that many reputable centers have been established in this regard.
"Although the idea of dialogue among civilizations was put forward in 2001, the anti-peace forces showed reactions like the September 11 events, by means of which warmongers filled the world with war and occupation under the pretext of campaign against terrorism.“
needs dialogue to foster peace, end deadlocks,” stated president
Khatami in a message to conference "Eurasia in the 21st Century:
Dialogue among Cultures or Conflict of Civilizations?", Tehran, June
Centre for Dialogue Among Civilizations, with the collaboration of the
Aksnameh Magazine, holds the first Photo
Dialogue Contest in September
2004, on the occasion of World Peace Day.
Young Thought Foundation in Kashan, with the cooperation of embassy of
Greece, National Iranian Youth Organization, International Centre for
Dialogue Among Civilizations and other governmental and nongovernmental
organizations of Kashan, holds the Iran-Greece Culture week, May 22-27, in
the historical city of Kashan.
variety of subjects such as myths, movies, plays, literature and philosophy,
as well as a comparative analysis of Iranian and Greek cultures and
civilizations will be discussed during in the event,” said the Foundation
president Akbar Rezvanian.
panel discussion held at Hart House Theatre, University of Toronto on
Saturday, May 8, Nobel Peace Prize 2003 recipient Shirin Ebadi stressed
again on the universality of human rights.
“People all share one
basic feature. They are all human. No more, and no less,” said the Iranian
lawyer and human rights activist, who received an honorary degree from the University
of Toronto at a special convocation the previous night. She
went on to add: “No human culture recommends exploitation of fellow human
beings. No religion endorses the killing of innocent people. No civilization
approves of violence and terror. Human conscience does not authenticate
torture. Brutality is regarded as abominable in any tradition, anywhere. In
a word, fundamental human rights are the common point for all civilizations,
respected and cherished all over the world. Cultural relativity is no excuse
for violating the human rights. The universal declaration of human rights
has roots in different civilizations and religions. Human rights are
universal. They are not East/West-reliant, but adaptable to all religions
and schools. Undermining the human rights is undermining all humanity. Do
not let us destroy this cultural essence, for it will be only the Weak who
will lose their refuge.”
subject of separating religion and state, Ebadi said: “I believe in
democracy, and if we do not interpret the Islamic rules based on personal
preferences or with an eye for state benefits, we can have a free and
the book on Display at Tehran Book Fair, Tehran, May 3rd, 2004
“Peace”, a book with the central theme of dialogue among civilizations, has been put on display at the Tehran International Book Fair, which is running at the Tehran Permanent Fair Ground until May 13.
of leather and fabric, with its 50 pages weighing 80km, the book contains
the name of God in different languages as well as global explanations and
usages the word “Peace”.
decorated with many styles of beautiful calligraphy including the name of
Allah, the hadith, and sayings of holy Imams decorated with illumination and
cover of the book bears portraits of Imam Khomeini, Supreme Leader Ayatollah
Khamenei, and President Khatami in the intarsia style.
message to an international gathering titled the 'Role of languages in
dialogue among civilizations', which was held on April 24th,
President Mohammad Khatami highlighted the role of languages in any dialogue
The message, which was delivered by the head of International Centre for Dialogue among Civilizations Dr. Mahmood Boroojerdi, referred to President Khatami’s innovative proposal for solving global problems through dialogue, and noted that it has been warmly welcomed by peoples all over the world who have seen enough of war and conflicts, and has placed Iran in a vaunted position in global fora.
to the role of languages in Islamic teachings, Khatami’s message went on
to say that Islam gives special importance to the role of languages in
bringing understanding among peoples, noting that God Almighty also indulges
in dialogue, not only with mankind and his angels but with insects and birds
as well. It pointed out that the Holy Qur’an, too, mentions dialogue as
proving the underlying presence of the Creator in the world.
president’s message also remarked that the idea of engaging civilizations
and cultures in a dialogue is based on an acceptance of the role and
importance of languages in human societies. Without language, it added,
peoples of different cultures and civilizations would not be able to reach
out to each other in genuine understanding.
President’s message concluded: “I appreciate the participation of all
the scholars from Iran and abroad, who have gathered here together at the
University of Isfahan to discuss the role of language in the global society,
civilization, religion, linguistics, literature and translation. I hope this
conference and its future sessions in other countries succeed in defining
the unparalleled importance and role of language, respecting and
acknowledging different languages as manifestations of the cultural identity
of different human societies, bracing the issue of dialogue among
civilizations instead of conflict and hostility, and find practical
solutions to present to the cultural assemblies of the world.”
Mohammad Khatami described Martyr Morteza Motahari as a man of dialogue who
indulged in scholarly discussions, not only with Islamic thinkers but with
international scholars as well. Addressing the opening ceremony of an
international conference on the thoughts and philosophy of Martyr Motahari,
Khatami said since Motahari was a teacher himself, he was concerned with the
issues of education in his own time and was after educating and training the
Motahari never considered raising fresh questions about the religion as
improper but rather held looking at issues with doubtful eyes as a desirable
habit,” Khatami said. He further noted that there were very few Islamic
scholars who would elaborate on the thoughts of Western philosophers so
gravely the way Ayatollah Motahari did.
conference, which was an attempt to attract the attention of the young
generation of Iran to the thoughts and ideas of Martyr Motahari, opened on
April 25th with the participation of both domestic and foreign
Presidential Advisor in
Cultural Affairs Ataollah Mohajerani said in Kuala Lumpur that man needs
words, not wars and the media are the means for mutual understanding, not
Addressing the Asia
Media Summit 2004, Mohajerani said that a new era -- Islamic awakening --
has emerged in the post-9/11 era. He went on to add that presently, Muslims
want their natural rights be appreciated and honored, and ridiculed the
false analogy of the west in equaling Islam and terrorism and shifting 9/11
blame to Muslims and Arabs as a result.
"Now as a
historical duty and maybe the only possible way we do need to hold dialogue
with each other in order to acknowledge each other and receive others,"
said Mohajerani, Iran's former Minister of Culture and Islamic Guidance and
former head of the International Centre for Dialogue Among Civilizations.
Addressing the Asia
Media Summit 2004, Khaniki said: “In fact, the media can protect the
environment of dialogue in the contemporary world, which implies pulling
away, and distancing from the logic of power and moving closer to the power
Khaniki said that a look
at discourse models over the past decades prove that international language
has been distancing itself from monologue, bipolarize and rigidness towards
dialogue, multipolarism and openness. He said the discourse order in the
closing three decades of the twentieth century has gone through three
distinctive stages, namely "Discourse of Development",
"Discourse of Dialogue" and "Humanity-oriented
He said "The
discourse of development' started at the end of the World War II and lasted
till the second half of the 1970s. This discourse, he added, which was
accompanied by an economic interpretation of development, presents a linear
pattern of the world with a monologic approach.
In this model, he said,
the nation-states are the main players and the international order is
defined on the basis of a vertical hierarchy.
On "discourse of
dialogue", Khaniki said that in the second half of the 1970s, a
discourse appeared which compared to the former one, was more dependent on a
fundamental meaning of culture, with a better reflection of the plurality of
This pluralistic and
relatively dialogue model is less vertical and more horizontal, but the
nation-states continue to be considered as the key players in the
"humanity-oriented dialogue", Khaniki said it emerged at the end
of the 1980s. He said it emphasizes on dialogue among people on common
global issues as well as on fears and hopes of human beings.
In this model of
dialogue, he added, the nation-state dependence has diminished considerably,
focusing mostly on people and humanity as well as non-governmental units and
different sectors of civil society.
He said that in this
model of dialogue, culture has a pivotal role and is mainly based on
horizontal cultural relations rather than vertical political ones.
"This pattern of discourse is more pluralistic, flexible and
open," he maintained.
The official ruled out
international validity of centralized discourse patterns, throwing his
weight in favor of dialogue. In a better sense of the word, dialogue is
facing and dealing with differences in the world outside, said Khaniki,
adding that dialogue is logically based on comprehension and understanding,
on speaking and listening and discarding self-styled models of
communications with others.
In process of dialogue,
building up mutual understanding has the priority to sharing a common view,
said the presidential advisor.
Somewhere in his speech,
Khaniki said communicative competence is needed in order for communicative
understanding. He said communicative competence is the must for resumption
and initiation of dialogue among civilizations. Nature and features of
dialogue differ from one culture to another but what's of importance is
interpretation and having a grasp of the essence of the dialogue, he said.
He said ethics of
dialogue is part and parcel of contemporary civilizations and the backbone
of social establishments.
Khaniki said the age of
communication can be the age of dialogue and the network society can be the
organizer of the network order.
Institute for Broadcasting Development (AIBD) in collaboration with the
Institute of Strategic and International Studies (ISIS) Malaysia, News World
Asia and other partners and international organizations held an
international conference themed “The
Asia Media Summit 2004” in Kuala Lumpur from 19 – 21 April, 2004.
The conference agenda
covered among others the following keynote topics:
Some 400 decision makers, media professionals and shapers of news and programming from Asia, Europe, North America, Middle East and the Pacific attended this annual conference. Almost all international broadcasting Unions and Associations supported this summit including the Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union, Arab States Broadcasting Union, Commonwealth Broadcasting Association, European Broadcasting Union, Pacific Islands Broadcasting Association, South African Broadcasting Association, AMIC, United Nations, ITU, UNESCO, UN-ESCAP etc.
The Prime Minister of Malaysia, Yang Amat Berhormat Datuk Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi presented a keynote address on “The Challenges of Multi-Religious, Multi-Ethnic and Multi-Cultural Societies”.President Mohammad Khatami was also among the prominent statesmen, heads of regional groupings and high-ranking officials who presented the keynote topic addresses. Asia Media Summit 2004 is a major media event which is annually attended by decision makers of broadcasting and news especially CEOs, senior editors and journalists.
Khatami said that Iranian delegation’s discussions with Swiss officials
have been constructive and positive. He expressed hope that Tehran-Bern
diplomatic, social and economic relations will strengthen in the future.
Speaking at news
conference, Khatami also voiced Iran’s readiness for continuation of talks
with Swiss officials on various issues, notably human rights, terrorism, and
anti-discrimination. He said the most urgent needs in the world today are
establishment of peace and security and condemning terrorism, aggression and
humiliations. Undoubtedly, weapons of mass destruction (WMD) should be
eliminated from the world as the most threatening factor to the human race,
the Iranian president reiterated.
Khatami said democracy
has many versions, which should be based on society’s cultural,
ideological and civil underpinnings for it to endure. "Democracy is not
a blueprint that is written somewhere and imposed in another place."
The nations themselves should conjure up their system drawing on their
indigenous ethnic, cultural, religious and national norms.
"Switzerland is a
country which follows a neutral policy," he then noted, lauding
Switzerland as one of the freest countries, which has delineated a suitable
framework in which to conduct relations between government and people.
"As the initiator of the proposal for dialogue among nations, I
announce that Switzerland is the most suitable venue to hold such a
dialogue. Anybody who respects democracy should also hold a special role for
Switzerland as center for democratic values," the president stated.
a meeting with Swiss Protestant, Catholic and Jewish leaders in Berne on
January 20th, President Mohammad Khatami once again stressed the important
role of different religions in building a peaceful world. “To fight for
freedom, justice and peace is a proper common ground for all real followers
of religions to come together and stand united,” he added.
the serious threats endangering our world today, Khatami stated: “ I
believe that despite the outward differences, different religions can build
up their commonalities and confront war, animosity, terror, poverty and
discrimination to ensure a world of peace.”
Iranian president recounted the Holy Quran’s significant teaching that all
the followers of holy religions should unite in faith in God, saying: “We
have no other way but to join and understand each other.”
have no dispute in our faith in the one and only God, and surely all the
chaos, insecurities, wars and struggles are originated by ignoring the
presence of God in the world, as well as the souls of us all,” he further
the main purpose of the holly prophets, their books and divine revelations
as inviting people to uphold justice, Khatami said: “Fighting poverty,
discrimination, animosity and destruction of environment are examples of
necessary efforts to this goal, and we, followers of all religions, should
be the frontrunners of this movement.”
of the idea of dialogue among civilizations and cultures then underlined
peace as the main need of the world today, stating: “We have started a new
experience in Iran to sustain democracy, progress, freedom and independence
based on religious teachings and respect for divine values.”
Mohammad Khatami, in his opening address to the 34th World Economic Forum
(WEF) in Davos, said that establishing true democracy is a long evolutionary
process and cannot be "exported" or imposed by "economic
democracy in the successful western democracies was also the result of long
struggles. These democracies were not created by political advice or by
economic sanctions," Khatami said.
democracy is a process, not a revolutionary action, and democracy without
democratic behavior cannot be established. Democratic norms are not
identical packaged goods ready for export," he added.
Pointing to the long
process of establishing a "strengthened democracy", Khatami said
that the process included also the creation of civic institutions, political
parties and unions.
The Iranian leader viewed dialogue as integral part of a true democracy. "It's during dialogue when it will become apparent that democracy, before being a western political theory, is the result of human experience following a process of extensive human pains and wounds. “True partnership calls for genuine dialogue.” Khatami said.
He also stressed that
"strengthening human rights could only be realized through dialogue and
not propaganda and intimidation".
President Khatami sounded
his wish for the governments to engage in dialogue because he believes it
avoids resentment and promotes a culture of human rights. “The miracle of
dialogue is necessary for global security,” said Khatami. “The key to
the survival of humankind is being together, going along with each other and
talking to each other.”
Some 30 presidents and
heads of states, 75 ministers, 28 religious leaders and over 2,000
economic experts are participating the high-level four-day economic meeting
which is to end on Sunday.
question of the scope and potential of dialogue
cultures and civilizations is achieving
significance, especially in the present
context. More than ever before, dialogue
a fundamental challenge and must be based on
unity of mankind and commonly shared values, the
of the world’s cultural diversity and the
dignity of each civilization, culture and
This publication underlines the need to
the emergence and nurturing of new prejudices
Dialogue among Civilizations: the International Conference in Vilnius, Lithuania, 23–26 April, 2001, is the second publication in UNESCO’s Dialogue among Civilizations series. It contains the proceedings of a major event organized by UNESCO during the United Nations Year of Dialogue among Civilizations (2001). Vilnius Conference brought together heads of state, political decision-makers and diplomats, distinguished scholars, academics and artists to debate about the complex issues of culture and civilizations in the contemporary world.Click here to download this e-book
of the International Symposium “Civilizations: How we see others, how
others see us” is now published by the UNESCO publications. At this
symposium, which was held in Paris, France, 13-14 December 2001, UNESCO
Director-General Koïchiro Matsuura said:
a pivotal event, the symposium somehow interconnected the various
conferences held throughout the world on the theme in 2001 and so provided a
review, while extending reflection to embrace the geostrategic upheavals
that marked the year. As history is a political issue, even a weapon much
wielded in the strategic controversies over the world’s values and
visions, there has to be a response to the demand for understanding the
complex socio-political parameters that shape the question of dialogue among
communities, cultures and civilizations.
was the symposium’s goal, as reflected in this volume, third in the UNESCO
Dialogue Among Civilizations series. The line of inquiry through ‘travels,
texts and translations’ makes it clear that no knowledge or information
can dispense with a critical analysis of documents and the first-hand
accounts brought back over the centuries by travellers. The impact of these
exchanges is part of a wider issue of power and human governance. By giving
rise to reflection on the nature and extent of local knowledge, these
exchanges have also prompted a desire to appropriate exogenous forms of
knowledge, which has sometimes resulted in real achievements.
persistence of old images in the collective imagination is sometimes
expressed in ‘dreams of empires’, even though new political models are
continually being sought. While revealing a desire for openness to others,
the exploration of ‘new forms of universalism’ also shows how hard it is
to achieve a comprehensive view of the plurality of cultures and their
constant interactions in time and space. This plurality also compounds the
difficulty of defining ‘civilization’ itself. Dialogue among
civilizations is therefore the fruit of a wide variety of perceptions whose
intersecting nature assists a greater grasp and understanding of others.”
Conference on Dialogue among Civilizations was inaugurated by President
Khatami on January 7. The event, held in the IRIB conference hall and
attended by thinkers from Iran and other countries, was organized with the
coordination of International Association of Universities (IAU) and hosted
by the Islamic Azad University. Attendants discussed issues such as “Human
Rights and Aspects of Inter-Cultural Relations”, “Role of Higher
Education in Dialogue among Cultures”, “Dialogue among Cultures: Means
to Achieve Solidarity in Humanity”, “Role of Literature in the
Solidarity of Dialogue among Cultures”, “Humanity’s Common Cultural
History as a Means to Dialogue, Globalization and Global Culture”.
his opening remarks, President Khatami described the role of knowledge
generating institutions such as universities in different civilization
scenes as outstanding and influential, saying: “Universities can play the
most remarkable role if they build up their scientific structure on
Dialogue, and act as a creditable channel to advance it.”
stressed: “Today we are in need of Dialogue in national and international
levels. There’s no doubt that to make our way through countless social,
political, economic and cultural obstacles, we have to take the issue
seriously and act upon it in every situation.”
on the tragedy of Bam Earthquake, he pointed out: “ Ancient Bam is today
the symbol of life in Iran, as well as the world’s collective resolution.
Bam shows the camaraderie and understanding among all men, and is a
demonstration of dialogue among cultures and civilizations to ease off the
grief in life and build up the cultural heritage.“
Secretary General Kofi Annan’s had also sent a message to the conference.
The message read: “The United Nations has been founded on the belief that
dialogue can overcome any schism and dissension. Civilizations and cultures
are not fixed, unchangeable facts but are always changing, growing,
expanding and adapting themselves to the new age and new facts through a
constant flow of interaction.”
speaker was the Director of Islamic Azad University Dr Abdollah Jasbi, who
said: “Dialogue among cultures doesn’t mean ignoring one’s own
identity and character, but dissociating from small confinements and
reaching out for the true human nature and essence. Today globalization of
dialogue among cultures is widely accepted, and everyone has his own
personal basis and definition for it. To make the dialogue among cultures
more comprehensive we need the coordination of all the sectors of a society
in all national, international and global aspects.”
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Seyed Kamal Kharazi in turn described the human
being as the main axis of any dialogue, stressing: “Without considering
the human being, the whole issue of Dialogue is invalidated. Dialogue among
countries will be a solution only if, in addition to accepting equal rights
and mutual respect for the participants of dialogue, all countries accept
that within the boundaries of knowledge and judgment and error
susceptibility, they are all alike.”
Ali Akbar Velayati then talked about cultural and civilizational interaction
and interchange between the worlds of Islam and the West, stating: “ The
combination of different civilizations has been influential in the formation
of the present civilization of the world, in which Islam has played an
important part as well.”
of the Iranology Foundation Dr. Habibi also remarked in the event: “
Discussion of Dialogue among cultures should be included in the research and
academic programs and curriculum of the universities. We need research on
Dialogue among cultures, and should study the ways for conducting the
during the conference, Iranian Minister of Education Morteza Haji said:
“In truth, cultures are the born out of civilizations, and cultural values
could be very influential in the generation or fortification of a new
civilization, making their marks as supportive or restrictive factors.”
speaker of the conference, Director of Tunisia’s Open University Dr. Basir
Bu Abdoli then spoke about the role of higher education in the dialogue
of the International Association of Universities (IAU) Dr. Van Ginkel made a
speech at the conference, stressing the especial importance of the event. He
asked the audience to stand up for a minute in respect and sympathy for the
Bam Earthquake victims.
of IAU’s Task Force Paolo Blasi also remarked: “Not only the promotion
of dialogue among civilizations is important, but dialogue among cultures
will be unavoidable in time. Dialogue needs for us all to bring forth a new
IAU Secretary-General Eva Egron-Polak then stated: “ Our next conference will be held in Brazil in July 2004 for the purpose of educational exchange. The topic of the conference will be “Centralization in Dialogue”. We should reinforce the cross-cultural dialogue, and transfer and exchange of knowledge is among our main responsibilities.”
The participating scholars submitted the following articles to the conference:
among Civilizations is a Historical Necessity (Dr. Reza Shabani)
of Culture in the International Relations (Mohammadi Araghi)
Identity and Diversity for a Utopian World and Cultural Equilibrium (Prof.
of the Development of Higher Education Institutes through Accelerating the
Process of Communication and Intensifying the Cultural Relations (Dr. Rahim
of Universities in the Dialogue among Civilizations (Dr. Hassan Ahadi)
of Iran’s Culture and Civilization on the Indian Peninsula and Pakistan
(Dr. Abas Ali Tafazoli)
of the Young in the Promotion of International Culture (Hassan Gholipoor)
of Iranian Culture and Traditions on the Islamic Civilization and Culture
(Dr. Shahrbanoo Delbari)
of the Global Culture of Islam as Viewed in Qur’an and Hadith (Dr. Reza
of Democracy in Facilitating the Cultural Relations (Dr. Mehdi Najafi Afra)
among Cultures (Dr. Mehdi Mahozi)
and Cultural Dialogue (Dr. Zohre Fanni)
of Dialogue in the Cultural Systems (Dr. Mehrdad Navabakhsh)
among Cultures and Globalization (Dr. Nayereh Amini)
A Requisite of Coexistence (Hossein Fahimizadeh)
on the Nature and Necessity of Dialogue among Cultures (Dr. Seyed Abbas
Paradigm? (Dr. Mostafa Moslehzadeh)
The Missing Link of Dialogue among Cultures (Dr. Rostam Shah Mohammadi)
of Civilizations and Cultures (Seyed Mohammad Fardin Jalali)
in Establishing Relations and Cultural Differences between the Advanced and
Developing Countries (Dr. Reza Najaf Beigi)
of Dialogue among Cultures (Yaghub Salamati)
of Iranian Culture in the World Civilization, and the Role of Women in the
Iranian Culture (Zahra Moeen)
among Cultures, Possibilities and Opportunities through Globalization
of Dialogue for Dialogue (Dr. Mohammad Agah)
and Development (Mohammad Emami Saleh)
among Cultures in the Conduct of Islam’s Prophet and Imams “Sireh”
(Dr. Mehdi Emami)
of Reincarnation on Iranian and Non-Iranian Religious Thoughts (Mohammad Ali
president Mohammad Khatami will inaugurate the Dialogue among Civilization
World Summit, which is to be held in Barcelona, Spain in the summer of 2004,
as a part of the grand art & culture festival entitled “Forum 2004”.
Championship Games titled Dialogue among Civilizations’ Cup, which was
organized aiming to promote and consolidate Friendship among Nations, was
concluded with Iran’s National Olympic Committee Team in the first place.
11-day competitions which was attended by 15 teams from different countries,
was organized on the initiation of Iran’s National Olympic Committee, with
the cooperation of International Center for Dialogue Among Civilizations and
exceptionally enthusiastic participation of foreign embassies in Tehran.
the closing ceremony and referring to the presence of representatives of
political bodies in the games, ICDAC Head Dr. Mahmood Boroojerdi said:
“Their participation demonstrates that political people of whatever
nationality, race, country, culture or religion can set aside the chaotic
world of politics and stand shoulder to shoulder.”
further added: “Although in today’s bitter and hostile world reaching a
state of sustainable peace and harmony seems like a farfetched dream, let us
believe that with love, faith and hope we can achieve the impossible.”
head stated: “ We have transformed this competition into a place of
dialogue and friendship,” expressing hope that as in this small scene, the
players of the big scene of the world can come together in friendship.
Dialogue among Civilizations Futsal competitions was attended by teams from
the embassies of Russia, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, UK, Ivory Coast, Poland,
Turkey, Europe team consisting of embassies of Hungary, Slovenia, Czech
Republic and Slovakia, Central Asia’s team consisting of embassies of
Kyrgyzstan, Belarus and Turkmenistan, as well as teams of Iran’s National
Olympic Committee and Iran’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Iran and Spain in a ceremony celebrated the 600th anniversary of the establishment of ties between the two countries.
Talking in the ceremony, Iran’s ambassador to Spain Morteza Alviri referred to Spain as a country with a long record of friendly ties with Iran and enjoys a very unique position in Iran’s foreign policy among European states.
He also said because of the increasing role of Spain in international arena, all Iranians have come to the agreement to increase their relations with the country especially in economic fields.
The ambassador also believed the increase in economic and trade exchanges, banking facilities, the rising ceiling of export insurance and contribution of Spanish companies in Iran’s development projects indicate interest and firm will of both countries to promote economic relations.
He further noted that this trend of consolidation of ties between the two nations could serve as a model for developing and expanding ties between Iran and the European Union.
Alviri said expanding cultural and university relations could also pave the way for developing all-out mutual relations.
Director General of Home of Asia in Spain, in his message to the ceremony, recalled the first Spanish ambassador to the court of Iranian kings 600 hundreds ago, and said the Spanish government has dedicated a scholarship every year after him to pay tribute to his memory for his services.
Foreign Minister Kamal Kharrazi visited Madrid on December 15th
to discuss with Spanish officials a host of issues, including the Iraqi
crisis, as well as attend a forum on
visit took place at the invitation of Spanish Foreign Minister Anna Palacio
and Kharrazi plans to follow up agreements reached between the two countries
during President Mohammad Khatami’s visit to Madrid last year.
Iranian foreign minister also met Prime Minister Jose Maria Aznar and the
heads of the Spanish Senate and Congress to discuss bilateral ties as well
as regional and international issues.
and Palacio attended the inauguration of a forum on “dialogue among
civilizations” - a brainchild of President Khatami - in Toledo later that
day, attended by university lecturers and thinkers of the two countries.
Ties between the Islamic Republic and Spain have made notable progress in recent years.
visit to Spain, which is a key ally of the United States in the occupation
of Iraq, comes on the heels of the former Iraqi president, Saddam
delegation of Turkey’s journalists, thinkers and writers known as “The
Group of East”, who are in Iran to meet the Iranian cultural, academic and
scholastic figures, visited the library of the International Centre for
Dialogue Among Civilizations on Sunday September 28th.
said Group had a meeting with the ICDAC president and members of ICDAC
research groups, during which they were presented with a brief account of
ICDAC’s objectives and activities.
Iran and Turkey as two neighboring countries with numerous cultural
commonalities, ICDAC president Dr. Mahmood Boroojerdi stressed: “Dialogue
among Cultures can have a deeper and more valuable meaning for the two
countries of Iran and Turkey, as it will bring their cultures closer
further added: “There are many among Iranian and Turkish thinkers who have
done scientific researches on the same issues, and their works remain to
demonstrate this common interest.”
then explained about the process of the ICDAC research groups’ activities
and their extensive relations with the universities and cultural centres in
Iran and all over the world.
Turkish delegates in turn told of the holding of a conference titled the
“Conference of East” in Istanbul, 2004. The main goal of the Group, they
maintained, is to open dialogue among the intellectuals, writers and
professors of the neighbouring countries to give them the opportunity to get
to know each other and tighten their genial bonds.
to the gravely important regional events such as the US occupation of
Afghanistan and Iraq, and the other countries of the region being threatened
by the same source, they further stressed: “Our aim is to find the roots
of such threats, to analyze them in detail, and to decide on common
standpoints to prevent and confront them.”
Group of East then invited Iranian writers, intellectuals and thinkers to
take part in the Conference of East.
the conclusion of the visit, the Group was presented with a number of books
including “The Effect of Persian Language in Turkey” and “the Persian
Verses of Jam Sultan”, courtesy of International Centre for Dialogue Among
Centre for Dialogue among Civilizations paid tribute to Iranian playwright
artists, in a ceremony held on Sept. 21 to celebrate the anniversary of the
UN declaration of the year 2001 as the Year of Dialogue among Civilizations,
at the proposal of the IRI president Mohammad Khatami.
ceremony, which was held in the ICDAC library and on the initiative of the
Centre’s Arts Group was attended by the Centre’s president, directors
and board members of the Centre’s research groups, as well as a number of
the country’s distinguished playwrights who were presented with the
Dialogue among Civilizations’ trophy and appreciation plaques.
the ceremony ICDAC president Dr. Broojerdi announced that as of next year
the national calendar of Iran will declare Sept. 21st as the Day
of Dialogue among Civilizations.
only professor of Theatre at the Tehran University and distinguished artist
Dr. Farhad Nazerzadeh Kermani, pointing out that the artists’ and
especially the playwrights’ mission is eliminating the brutality from the
human nature, counted a number of principles as the common goals of artists
and playwrights all over the world, including awakening the sleeping minds,
bonding people, drawing attention to the values and merits, democracy,
looking for genuine values, rejecting Predestinarianism and accentuating
Voluntarism, making distinctions between right and wrong, protection of
Earth, and belief in the innate goodness and reformability of mankind.
of the Arts group of the Centre Dr. Ferdous Hajian announced later in the
ceremony that the works of the outstanding Iranian playwrights will be
translated into English, German and French and introduced through the
meeting with Norwegian Speaker of Parliament Yurgen Kosmo, the president
said that the international campaign against terrorism will be successful if
justice prevails in the world community and the rights of people be honored.
Dialogue of Civilizations and Coalition for Peace are the means to end the
current atmosphere of hostility in the international community," he
said, calling for co-existence. He said that the Islamic Republic of Iran is
keen on developing relations with all nations and that Tehran-Oslo relations
should further develop in light of Norway’s independent stance toward the
said that the Iranian nation and government have the resolve to bolster
independence, democracy compatible with religious and cultural principles,
terming it as the strategic plan. "God willing, the Iranian nation will
remove all the obstacles (foreign or domestic) in the way of the national
Iran-Norway oil cooperation, President Khatami said that Iran, Norway, as
two major oil producers, would begin cooperation to protect the rights of
both consumers and the OPEC producers. He called for cooperation between
OPEC and non-OPEC countries. He said that the economic and scientific
cooperation would prepare the ground for developing relations between the
called for efforts to be made to develop bilateral and regional cooperation
and said that the world people are in need of campaign against terrorism and
violence and that the demand of the international community should be fully
Education Minister of
Myanmar U Than Aung said that at the present situation in the world the
dialogue among civilization is a "very important need of the human
who has come to New Delhi for participating in the Conference
"Dialogue among Civilizations - Quest for New Perspectives"
in an exclusive interview with IRNA also emphasized on more interaction and
exchange of view between the countries on the promotion of dialogue among
two-day ministerial conference was held in New Delhi on Wednesday and
Thursday last at Vigyan Bhawan with the participation of 179
delegates from about 70 countries including Iran and in its concluding
session the 23-point "New Delhi Declaration" was issued.
Myanmar Minister of Education while referring to the fact that
different societies specially the youth are facing many challenges,
said, "the promotion of comprehensive education in the society is
necessary at most", adding that this even effects the security of the
the developments at the global level, he said "America is
thinking differently from the rest of the world on the international
an example of Iraq, Aung said, "The Pentagon ignoring the views of
other countries of the world, militarily occupied Iraq and created the
present problems in the world." Calling the Non Aligned Movement (NAM)
as a very important political instrument at the world level, Myanmarese
minister said, that the founder of this movement introduced five principles
for maintaining peace and stability in different regions of the world but at
present because of the non abidance of some world powers to these
principles, "the international relations are broken".
his countries relations with Iran, the Myanmarese minister said, tough the
two countries have not signed big agreements but both have friendly
relations and are having high-level understanding.
Republic of Iran President Seyed Mohammad Khatami in a message called the
"Dialogue Among Civilizations - Quest for New Perspectives"
conference as a "ray of hope in the issues of peace, and coexistence at
this sensitive and precarious juncture in the history of our current
The message of President
Khatami was read on Wednesday in the inaugural ceremony of the conference by
Dr Hadi Khaneki, Deputy Minister of Science, Research and Technology and
Advisor to the President of Islamic Republic of Iran at Vigyan Bhawan, New
The Iranian President in
his message said: "Dialogue, in reality is a universal endeavor at
attaining objective of a more profound mutual understanding, a greater
insight, and a much wider communicative capability in the fields of humane
and social conduct. As a result, such an achievement can possibly be
effective in inoculating the whole world against a variety of
"Cooperation among nations can assume its true meaning in our world
only when we are made capable of accommodating a commonly shared global
meaning to this worthy concept." While mentioning that the third
millennium started with the hope that dialogue among the different nations
would bear fruit of mutual understanding, peace, security, cooperation and
progress across the world and the year 2001 was declared by the UN as the
year of "Dialogue among Civilizations", Khatami said:
“Unfortunately the world has been cast with new ominous waves of
terrorism, raging outbreaks of violence and towering flames of war that has
pushed the world community to the edge of horrendous precipice of
unpredictable state of affairs. The world has become infested with the
perils of monologues and unilateral actions, which, all in all, have
jeopardized the concept of the dialogue among Civilizations."
The Iranian President in
his text message said: "In the domain of politics, shortly after the
inhuman 9/11 tragic event, the world gasped with anxiety, despair and fear.
The US hastily drew up the doctrine of coalition for war while I pointed out
the necessity for the creation of coalition for peace on the basis of
justice to advocate the idea of the Dialogue among Civilizations in all
domains-national, regional and global levels."
emphasized: “Today at the time when the world, specially our region has
suffered the ravages wrought by war, continued occupation, unrelenting
terrorism and incessant outbursts of violence, I wish to once again restate
and reaffirm by belief on the necessity for the creation of a coalition for
peace definitely not against any particular country or entity."
In this message,
President Khatami said: "A world structured on the basis of peace is
undoubtedly a world of politic for all. It is also a world built by all of
us. It is a world of a just and fair diversity where peaceful coexistence is
predominant-and not the world of a monologue and extreme sense of otherness.
Real peace can reign only if justice prevails over the world. It is only
under such circumstances that it matters not where man makes his abode, he
is the master of his own destiny enjoying his full and unimpeded rights,
respects and human dignity."
Referring to the fact
that today we are all in need of learning about the achievements of both
ancient and modern civilizations, President Khatami said: “Those who are
either incapable of listening or at least showing tolerance to what other
civilizations have to say or offer, benefit nothing but a biased outlook,
tendentious rationalization and domineering conduct towards others. The end
result of such an attitude is nothing other than the degradation of meaning,
the stagnation of culture and the incapacitation of scientific achievement
in our world."
He said: "Prejudiced
outlooks are the root causes, which foment norms of duality, and
discrimination in the domain of international politics that subsequently
breeds norms of domineering monologues rather than promoting logical norms
of Dialogue among Civilizations.”
Canadian Senator Laurier L.
LaPierre, who came to New Delhi to participated in the "Dialogue among
Civilizations - Quest for New Perspectives" conference, emphasized on
the importance of "dialogue among civilizations" on Saturday,
calling dialogue an "antidote to terrorism."
Emphasizing the need for
dialogue as a means of solving the vexed problems of the world, the Canadian
senator said: "Dialogue is more effective than bombs."
initiative for dialogue among civilizations, LaPierre said he believed this
initiative would bring favorable results as the world has taken it as an
He said Iran is the seat of
a civilization more ancient than Canada's and "we expect that Teheran
carry on important work at the international level.”
The Canadian senator, while
calling dialogue the "antidote to terrorism," said he believed
"terrorism will grow and spread where there is no talks."
According to the expert,
"We should even enter into dialogue with those resorting to violence,
so that we can understand their aims and intentions and then we can contain
Senator LaPierre criticized
the notion of a "clash among civilizations," and emphasized that
conflict will not solve any problem and only through dialogue and being
familiar with the values of others can civilization solve the world's
He said that as a Canadian
he was quite unfamiliar with Iran and obtains information about developments
in the country only through the media.
LaPierre said a dialogue
with Iran, as an important country in the region, and with ancient
civilizations in order to be familiarized with their values and peoples'
ways of life is very important.
On the possibility of
promoting the concept of "dialogue among civilizations," Senator
LaPierre said: "If countries stop labeling each other and there are
more dialogues among civilizations, the future generations will live in
peace and harmony."
While giving his stamp of
approval to the New Delhi Declaration, which was issued at the end of the
conference, he emphasized that the provisions of this declaration should be
implemented by member states through positive action.
He specifically called that
part of the declaration, which outlines the role of education for the youth
and the necessity of teaching to them the values of other civilizations as
The two-day ministerial
conference was held with 179 delegates from 70 countries participating,
including Iran. On evening of the second day they adopted the 23-point
"New Delhi Declaration".
Dr. Hadi Khaneki, deputy
minister of science, research and technology and advisor to the President of
the Islamic Republic of Iran, and Ms. Fatima Rakei, member of the Iranian
parliament and its cultural committee as well as representatives from
Iranian institutions in New Delhi participated in this conference.
Khaneki delivered the
message of Iranian President Seyed Mohammad Khatami to the conference.
Following Iran's initiative
on "Dialogue among Civilizations" at the 53rd session of the UN
General Assembly in September 1998 and the proclamation of 2001 as
"Year of Dialogue among Civilizations," UNESCO was asked to plan
and implement appropriate cultural, educational and social programs to
promote the concept in other countries.
India is preparing to host
an international conference titled `Dialogue among Civilizations - Quest for
New Perspectives' scheduled to take place next week with the participation
of 40 countries, including Iran.
Sources in India's Press
Information Bureau said that the two-day conference at the ministerial level
is being organized by India's Ministry of Human Resource Development in
cooperation with UNESCO.
The conference will be
inaugurated by Indian Premier Atal Bihari Vajpayee on Wednesday at Vigyan
Bhawan, New Delhi.
According to the sources,
after the inaugural ceremony, a plenary session will be held during which
ministers and other high-level officials from different countries will
address various issues relating to the subjects of dialogue among
civilizations with special reference to education and cultural diversities,
instruments of global dialogue, science, technology, social sciences,
humanities, new frontiers for global unity and links between civilizations
and elucidations on ethical and spiritual values that underpin dialogue.
The New Delhi conference
seeks to emphasize the importance of holding global dialogues among cultures
and civilizations and the impact they can have in the promotion of
tolerance, respect for pluralism and diversity as components of development
and human advancement.
Following Iran's initiative
for "Dialogue among Civilizations" at the 53rd session of the
United Nations General Assembly in September 1998 and the proclamation of
the year 2001 as the UN `Year of Dialogue among Civilizations,' UNESCO was
asked to plan and implement
art and culture exhibition, which opened in Tian Chin, 200 kms from the
Chinese capital city of Beijing on June
21, has attracted thousands of Chinese professors, students and citizens.
The ten-day exhibition, being held jointly by Iranian cultural attaché office in China and NanKai University at the campus fair grounds, was warmly welcome in the past week.
Various aspects of Iranian
art and culture including miniature paintings, a variety of handicrafts,
historical and cultural artifacts, outfits of different Iranian tribes and
books on Iranian history, civilization, culture and art are showcased at the
ceremony held on Friday, Iran's cultural attaché to Beijing, Ali-Mohammad
Sabeqi, was awarded with NanKai University's honorary professorship degree.
dean of NanKai University's Faculty of Literature, referring to the Iranian
scientific, literary and historical personalities, hoped that Iran's
cultural attaché will introduce the exuberant manifestations of Iranian
culture, civilization, history and art to the university students and
professors in the next scholar term as a guest professor.
the ceremony, Sabeqi said that the oriental culture including that of Iran
and China have been effective in promoting exalted speculations and human
culture of dialogue, cultural knowledge, looking forward to promising
prospect and exchange of views among intellectuals of various communities
are the factors which can lead the chaotic world of today towards peace,
stability and peaceful coexistence," he concluded.
cultural week will open in Istanbul on July 3, announced Iran's ambassador
in Turkey, stating that the week would provide an apt opportunity for
introducing realities of today's Iran to Turkish people.
Firooz Dolatabadi further pointed out that the cultural ties between the two
countries throughout the history have been strong and no factor had so far
brought about any interruptions in these relations.
to the political will of both countries' officials in recent years to
consolidate ties based on mutual respect, he noted that about 450,000
Iranian tourists visit Turkey every year.
ambassador also said that proper introduction of Islamic Republic of Iran,
its policies and capabilities would further boost cooperation between the
two countries and bring the two nations closer to each other.
Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder said there is an increasing recognition of the
need for dialogue and constructive engagements, of appreciating the
universal and identical human values binding all major religions of the
world, and of promoting the positive rather than negative factors that
vitiate relations among nations and people.
"In the recent past,
at the latest since the horrendous terrorist attacks of Sept 11, 2001,
events have shown us how vulnerable our world has become when boundless
technology is misused to further boundless rage and blind hatred," he
who is currently in Malaysia, was the guest speaker at a conference entitled
"Malaysia and Germany: Partners in the Dialogue among
Civilizations" organized by the Institute of Diplomacy and Foreign
after the attack on the American landmarks, Schroeder said his government
made it clear that in coordination with partners all around the world
"we will do all we can to fight this terrorist threat."
said Germany attaches great importance to the global institution.
Nevertheless, he said the United Nations is "the best venue to discuss
and debate the threats and challenges facing the world community as a
whole--terrorism, weapons of mass destruction and other menaces to peace,
new diseases, the destruction of natural habitats, climate disaster and
other major risks that do not just threaten the people, but, above all, the
furthermore, he said, it is above all the United Nations through which
international law, the instrument to regulate international relations, must
be safeguarded and developed.
said no religion in the world justifies murder and wanton destruction.
"And it is certainly the case that no creed is superior to another,
religious or otherwise. Respect for creation, for life and the dignity of
man is the principal basic rule for coexistence.”
is the basis of diplomacy, above all in these difficult times," he
said, adding that diplomacy is the refinement and continuation of dialogue
by other means.
the related issue of security, Schroeder said that society had far too long
misunderstood it as a term of relevance to only the police and military.
security, I mean the security of each individual from despotism and
oppression; safety from crime and terrorism; security from suffering and
misery; protection from global disasters and epidemics. I also include what
is known as `cultural security'-- having an identity, belonging to a family,
a neighborhood, a country, a region," he said.
he continued, once the police and military were involved, politics was left
with very little leeway.
does not mean that there are never situations in which the controlled use of
force is the only way to create security. On the contrary, if we do not want
the strong to prevail over the law, the law must have the strength to
prevail over the strong.
farsighted policy should, however, tackle the root causes of insecurity. All
too often these causes are poverty, injustice, inequality of opportunity.
But often ignorance is also to blame," he said.
another note, he said that as a multi-racial state with a multitude of
religions, Malaysia could serve as a model for other countries provided that
the guaranteed peaceful coexistence of the various ethnic groups and equal
opportunity for all people remain in place. "Consider your diversity as
a wealth to be preserved," he said.
said that Malaysia could be the engine to integrate ASEAN countries in
paving the way for the partnership with the European Union as many problems
could only be solved by reaching agreements with strong regional
would like to further develop the existing partnership between the European
Union and ASEAN. This would be most successful if the countries of
South-East Asia push ahead with their integration.
can be the engine of that integration, for your country has always assumed
an active role on the world stage. This has been particularly clear this
year during the Malaysian chairmanship of the Non-Aligned Movement countries
and the Organization of the Islamic Conference," he said.
also pointed out that it was their objective to build bridges between these
also suggested that Malaysia and Germany could learn from each other at how
best to balance antagonisms within a single national framework.
believe now is the time for our countries to agree on a cultural cooperation
agreement, to finally put the work of the wide variety of cultural
intermediaries on to a secure footing," he said.
A symposium on the subject
of "dialogue among civilizations" is to be held jointly by the
Islamic Republic of
Iran and Afghanistan in Birjand University on May 7-9, Secretary of the
Symposium, Mohammad Baqer Baqeri announced.
said the gathering will take up the proposal for a dialogue among
civilizations to various global fora as well as familiarize the world's
university students to play a crucial role in promoting such dialogue. The
symposium is also intended to upgrade the level of Iran's cooperation with
international bodies as well as build peace and promote reconstruction
relying on national security, he added, counting the development of
self-confidence, cooperation, constructive motives and incentives among
world university students, and encouragement of scholars and intellectuals
to work in scientific centers in deprived districts as among the goals of
to Baqeri, the agenda sent to the secretariat of the conference includes
various articles on the role of the Islamic Republic of Iran and Afghanistan
in promoting the concept of dialogue among civilizations, the role of Iran
in maintaining peace in Afghanistan and ensuring its future, cultural ties
between Iran and Afghanistan and their effects at the international level,
expansion of economic and political ties between Iran and Afghanistan, their
obstacles and effective ways for dealing with such obstacles, the role of
Iran and Afghanistan in the international anti-drug campaign as well as the
role of other regional countries in the campaign.
information on the gathering can be obtained from the worldwide web at www.birjand.ac.Ir/symposium,
The tenth meeting of 'comprehensive dialogue' between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the European Union will be held in Athens on Tuesday under the current EU Presidency of Greece.
The EU side will be led by
Greek alternate Foreign Minister Tassos Giannitsis and the Iranian side by
Deputy Foreign Minister for Europe and America, Ali Ahani.
According to an EU
Presidency announcement, the one-day meeting will deal with bilateral
cooperation, global issues and regional developments.
includes issues such as trade and investment, energy, drugs, immigration and
Global issues include
terrorism and the terrorist MKO group, disarmament and non-proliferation,
human rights as well as 'dialogue among civilizations'.
Mohammad Khatami said that Iran calls for promotion of global peace and
stability based on justice.
to a public gathering in his one-day visit to the city of Varamin, the
president added that in the war-stricken world of today, where man is
by terrorism, the call for war and violence in the name of anti-terrorism campaign makes the humanity liable to great risks.
his opposition to any unilateral military measures against Iraq,
he said, "Despite the heavy loss inflicted on Iran during the Iraqi-imposed war,
we oppose any unilateral anti-Iraq measure and the outbreak of war.”
over the prevalence of force in the international relations, the president
said that unfortunately, a biased type of fundamentalism, racism and
discrimination prevails in the current international
relations, instead of the human rights and freedom.
to the world developments in various fields and the disintegration of
the former Soviet Union as one of the global poles, he said, "The other pole
dreams about the false and risky illusion of a unipolar world and attempts to
make the world abide by its will by depending on its military, economic, technological and promotional means.”
to the high risk of unilateralism and a single-pole world, President Khatami
said, "We do no approve of Saddam and the Iraqi regime, but we do
not agree with dictatorship or the threatening of nations either.”
reiterated that opposition to unilateralism and threatening of the nations
not limited to the world of Islam, but that today the public opinion in Europe, America, Asia and Australia is also against the superpower, which intends to impose its
will on others through force.
president referred to the risk associated with the change of the world
structure and the illusion of a unipolar world and stressed, "In the world of today, the humanity calls for freedom, democracy and development in the light of social justice.”
the Iranian nation is experiencing democracy and is taking steps towards
development and is determined to continue its attempts with full
potential," he added.
independence and freedom, which are in line with religious beliefs and
values, can serve as a successful model for all the states which are looking
for glory and independence," added the president.
added that backwardness in some countries including Iran in the recent
century originates from the corrupt and dictator governments, which depend on foreigners. "Today, various nations including the Muslim and non-Muslim call for freedom, independence and justice," he noted.
to the significance of making a democratic model, he said that if such a
measure is taken successfully, no country could plunder the resources of
other nations and impose its will on them any more.
Khatami said that to achieve freedom, independence and progress, a high cost
has to be paid and the Iranian nation has already paid and will continue to
pay such expenses.
that a religious type of democracy should be promoted, the president warned
against distracting the people, who are actually responsible for the
revolution, by committing blunders and
to the recent city and village Islamic councils elections, he said that a
drop in the number of voters provides a good cause for concern.
underlined the need for the vigilance of the officials under the current
situation and noted, "We should be concerned over the public
expectations and find out
the reason for our failure to respond to their demands."
president reiterated that the public should be assured that their votes will
help them achieve their requests and demands. "The ruling officials should be proud of the Iranian nation and fulfill the martyrs' expectations, rather than expecting the public to entirely follow the policies imposed by the government,"
international colloquium on ''Islam and Muslims in the European space:
challenges to secularism'' has called for more dialogue and contacts between
the secularists and Muslims in Europe for better understanding and peaceful coexistence.
2-day colloquium which ended Saturday evening was organized by the European
Humanist Federation and the organization ''Idea and Human Being'' in
Brussels with the participation of about 75 scholars and thinkers from
and the Arab world.
Anciaux, professor of Islamic Studies at Free University Brussels (ULB),
read a paper on ''Islamism: from the Iranian Revolution to Ben Laden.''
noted that the Islamic Revolution in Iran was the first movement in our
to have achieved power with the aim to create an Islamic state, emphasizing that the Islamic Revolution was a grass root uprising that overturned a dictatorial
regime supported by a strong army and the West.
Belgian intellectual said the revolution in Iran opened up a debate on how
to form an open society, but the debate was stopped after Iran was attacked by Iraq with the support of the US. He said the present political situation in Iran is a resumption of that debate.
Grignard, who teaches at the ULB and also works as an expert on
political Islam in Belgium's interior ministry, spoke on the topic ''Political Islam
noted that the first Muslims to arrive in Belgium in the 60's were
immigrants who came for economic reasons and had nothing to do with
political Islam. In
the 70's due to economic recession the situation changed leading to religious
and social problems. In the 80's the situation in Belgium change totally with the Muslim immigrants asserting a more political dimension. The turning point, he noted, being the Islamic Revolution in Iran, which was seen as the revolution of
said the present situation in Iran is a wonderful laboratory for Islam in
general. Except for Iran, no country can be seen as an example of the
Islamic experiment, he added.
said there were about 300,000 Muslims living in Belgium and there were 300
mosques in the country, including 50 places of worship for Muslims in
Picque, Belgian minister for economy, spoke on Islam and secularism
in Belgium. ''I prefer people who go to mosques who have certain values and
ethics to people who have no values,'' he said.
Feleknas, a German Member of the European Parliament and of Kurdish origin
spoke on the Yezidi Kurds. She said Yezidis were a pre-Islamic religious
sect influenced by Zarathustra and that only Kurds were Yezidis. She said
that less than one million Yezidis were living today spread in many
countries in the world.
Clerici, an Italian philosopher, said there was a lot of ignorance about
Iran and Islam in Europe. He criticized those who condemned the Islamic
government in Iran as ''reactionary,'' noting that Iran is making huge
set up a state with liberal principles.
Cheref Khan, a scholar of Turkish origin, noted that after Turkey's
entrance into the EU, the population of Muslims in the EU will increase from
the current 15 million to 100 million and hence the presence of Muslims cannot
art exposition titled ‘Khayyam and Dialogue among Civilizations' opened at
Shirin Cultural Center in the Sudanese capital city of Khartoum on Sunday,
the presence of Sudanese Culture Minister Abdolbaset Abdolmajed and Head
of Islamic Culture and Communications Organization Mahmoud Mohammadi
collection of 75 paintings from a prominent Sudanese visual artist,
Professor Shirin, are showcased at the exposition.
Ambassador to Paris Sadeq Kharrazi on Monday stressed the need to promote
the culture of dialogue among civilizations.
"At time when the
world is witnessing an increasing trend of agitation and
anxiety, promotion of the culture of "dialogue among civilizations" is a very important issue," Kharrazi said on the sidelines of Iranian Cultural Week, which opened in Issi, France on Saturday.
Iranian Cultural Week will promote dialogue among civilizations and
cultures," he added.
expressed the hope that a culture of dialogue and tolerance would replace
the existing inequality that characterizes relationships in nations and in varying cultures and religions.
Iranian official stressed that the Persian world, stretching from the
Gulf to Trans-Oceania and the Caucasus, as well as Francophone countries can play significant roles in the spread of the culture of dialogue and understanding.
cultural week's agenda includes screening of several Iranian features and
short films as well as a photograph exhibition on the various facets of Iranian culture.
seminars on "Today's Iran," "Armenians in Iran," and
"Art Books in Iran" commenced on Saturday attended by officials
and experts from both states.
Monday called on world countries to get away from their old cultures
and values, and reinvent civilization.
his keynote address delivered at the opening session of the 11th annual
meeting of the Asia Pacific Parliamentary Forum (APPF), Prime Minister Dr. Mahathir Mohamad said: "It is time that we pause and rethink. "Labeling people
as ‘satan’ or ‘axis of evil’ provokes, but does not resolve anything,” he said. "Oppressing people or destroying their countries will not solve problems either,"
United States has dubbed Iraq, Iran and North Korea as constituting an
"axis of evil" that allegedly threatens world peace with their alleged weapons
of mass destruction.
Malaysian premier voiced out his feeling that the world community has
failed to learn how to cope and manage itself, judging from the situations in
Iraq, North Korea, Palestine and other hot spots around the globe.
expressed his regret that despite all the technological progress and claims
of having a more humane and sophisticated civilization, the capacity to kill was
still the name of the game. Frankly, I do not think that we have progressed
much from the Stone Age. They used clubs and we use nuclear weapons, but
the promise is still the same," he added.
said the meeting would be a good forum for the participating
parliamentarians to urge relevant countries to listen, to reason, and to try
to solve whatever problems through diplomatic channels.
sixth conference pursuing Islamic world's intellectual developments,
entitled "Towards Dialogue Among civilizations" started its
cultural activities in Kuwait on Saturday. Islamic world thinkers and
intellectuals during their three-day
gathering in Kuwait sought and discussed ways to counter the existing and increasing threats posed against the holy religion of Islam.
Judiciary Affairs and Endowments Minster Ahmad Baqr delivered a message by
Kuwaiti Crown Prince Sheikh Saad in which he has asked the
world leaders to pay closer attention to getting involved in fruitful Dialogue
Among Civilizations, and to refrain from getting involved in acts aimed at the
Clash of Civilizations.
Baqer Added, "in this conference three sensitive issues, namely
'Civilizations at War and in Process of Perfection', 'Islam and Dialogue
Aiming Civilizations', and 'The Role Played by Religious Foundations in
Combat Against Terrorism' would be addressed and surveyed."
intellectual Muhammad Saeid al-Bouti said during the opening session,
"although Islam encourages holding dialogue even with the enemies, it
warns the Muslims to be always alert not to fall prey to their plots.”
said, "the holy Qor'an commands, 'If the enemy asks for peace, yield to
his demand,' but today the enemy is massacring our children in Palestine, destroying their houses over their heads. How could we yield to the peace
demand of the Israeli enemy then and sit at the same table with them?”
said that the world Muslims are experiencing one of the most
sensitive and perilous eras of their history today, and they must therefore,
relying on God's grace and assistance, alertly and against the threats posed against their whole existence.
Moatmar Al-Alam Al-Islami (World Muslim Congress) on Sunday cautioned that
military action against Iraq may lead to a "clash of
civilizations" that would endanger global peace.
Secretary-General Raja Mohammad Zafarul Haq told IRNA in an interview here
that the use of force to change a government or influence any culture or
religion will put at stake peace across the globe.
expressed his grave concern over the explosive situation prevailing in the
Middle East as a result of American threats of a probable military
under the garb of dethroning Iraqi President Saddam Hussein.
move will be repeated again and again, he warned, if the world community
does not intervene to stop the US from interfering in the affairs of an
independent and sovereign state that is bound to unfold acute implications
in the days ahead.
WMC secretary-general contended that the measures undertaken by
Western countries, particularly the US, will encourage forces that opted for a
clash of civilizations and discourage those who favored the resolution of issues through dialogue.
emphasize his point, he made mention of the recent speech of Iranian
President Seyed Mohammad Khatami delivered during the latter's three-day
official visit to Pakistan in December. In his speech, the president strongly condemned the possibility of a clash of civilizations, urging dialogue as a
means of promoting greater understanding in the comity of nations.
Zafar said that President Khatami had eloquently pleaded for countries to
support the idea of dialogue among civilizations to resolve issues and
a question, he maintained that the policies of the US and, in particular,
allies in the West, strongly reflect their old and deep-rooted prejudice against
Islam and the Muslims.
WMC secretary-general noted that there was a dire need to listen and give
weight to the points of view of others instead of making unilateral
against any country.
policy to impose what it thinks fit for its own interest on others is not
based on logic or reason," he said, referring in particular to the US
plan to mount
a military operation against Iraq. Civilized nations, he opined, always prefer talks
to resolve their problems instead of using force.
He called for renewed
diplomatic efforts to avert what appears to be a certain attack on Baghdad,
warning that the "use of force against Iraq will have very serious
repercussions for not only the Middle East but for the entire world,"
prominent Iranian cleric praised recent "messages of hope" to the
by senior Christian clerics, including that of John Paul II, who have called for
peace and tolerance in the face of US threats to unleash a new military blitz on Iraq.
present situation is wrought with the risk that America, Israel and world
hegemonists have mobilized to confront the Islamic system, but luckily
prominent leaders of Christianity, including Pope (John Paul) and the
British Archbishop (of Canterbury) have sent interesting messages,"
Ayatollah Mohammad Emami Kashani told thousands of worshipers at the weekly
Friday prayers. "These messages augur of good news for humanity,
indicating that humankind is
probably waking up," the cleric said as he described them "a boost to the oppressed and an outcry against the oppressors".
to 20,000 pilgrims in Saint Peter's Square in the Vatican City, Pope
John Paul was cited as saying that mistrust and fear should not be allowed to conquer humanity's desire to live in peace and tolerance. "From the cave of Bethlehem, there rises today an urgent appeal to the world not to yield to
mistrust, suspicion and discouragement even though the tragic reality of
terrorism feeds uncertainties and fears," the 82-year-old frail pontiff said.
the need for dialogue, Prime Minister of Pakistan Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali
said only uncivilized nations avoid talks and go for wars.
Pak Prime Minister said that civilized countries always resolve issues
through dialogue and avoid confrontation. "Dialogue is emblem for civilizations
and only civilized nations talk and discuss issues to try and settle issues," he added.
was referring to the Iranian President Seyed Mohammad Khatami's proposal,
tabled before the UN General Assembly session in the year 1999 that there
should be a dialogue among civilizations to promote greater understanding. His proposal was widely appreciated and the year 2001 was declared as the "Year
of Dialogue among Civilizations”.
Seyed Mohammad Khatami will deliver a speech on "dialogue among
civilizations" here during his upcoming visit to Pakistan.
President will be delivering the speech before the audience, comprising
diplomats, intellectuals, writers and opinion makers at the Institute of
Strategic Studies Islamabad (ISSI) on December 24.
side has to convince and the other to accept, this is what civilization
teaches the human beings," Prime Minister Jamali contended. He further
that no country on earth, including Pakistan and Iran, supported terrorism or appreciated the menace.
Minister Jamali said the best thing for a country to combat terrorism is
to formulate its own strategy and counter this challenge. However, he added,
on a larger scale, some countries tend to get together and formulate a program
to combat terrorism. "But this requires a proper spadework prior to launching of anti-terror campaign," he stressed, adding: “You just can't simply say off the
cuff, yes this is the way we are going to fight terrorism."
first certificate in painting at the 21st Peace and Cooperation Contest held
in Spain was awarded to a nine-year old Iranian boy Seyyed Amir-Reza Vakili.
to the jury's decision and the approval of Spain's Peace and
Cooperation Foundation, Vakili ranked first in the field of painting at the current round of the contest, it was reported on Saturday.
total of 95 art works including paintings, photographs and posters were
displayed at the contest from Iran in cooperation with the cultural attaché
the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Children and young adults from various countries had exhibited over 1,500 art works in various fields including painting, graphic arts, photography design and writing articles.
lauds youth's bright role in dialogue among civilizations, Tehran, Oct 30,
President Mohammad Khatami in a message to the international gathering on 'Dialogue among Civilizations on the Youths' said on Wednesday that the issue
of dialogue among civilizations leads for a promising future and it is natural that
the youth understand and pursue the process with greater confidence.
Minister of Culture and Islamic Guidance Ahmad Masjid Jamei read the
president's message to the audience. In the message, the president
congratulated the youth on holding the confab adding that dialogue among civilizations leads to a promising future and inspires greater confidence among
The youth are among those who deserve to be the vanguard of dialogue among civilizations, said the president. Dialogue among civilizations introduces a new
way to global co-existence for humanity, he said adding that no country can
ignore the issue of dialogue. Those who ignore dialogue will remain odd to
others and will be alienated as well, he said.
"We should consider the issue of dialogue among civilizations as an essential means for vigilance and pride among nations which requires a suitable process
to achieve," he said. As the real possessors of cultures and arts, the youth can understand and take firmer stride in the process, said the president.
Through exchange of views and gaining experiences, the youth can find a
common language to respond to their problems, said the president.
Mohammad Khatami said on Tuesday that the world is in dire need
of peace and tranquility.
Khatami, receiving credentials of new Philippine Ambassador to
Tehran Rodrigo San Andres Aragon, wished for security, stability and progress
for the Philippines.
deplored recent bombing incident in the Philippines and said Muslim
and non-Muslim Philippine citizens should cooperate based on mutual respect
and try to attain their rights and help with the development of their country.
said Iran and the Philippines enjoy high potential for expansion of
cooperation at bilateral and regional levels.
thanked Iran for its contribution to establishment of lasting peace in
said dialogue among civilizations is real need of nations for mutual
President Mohammad Khatami called on world politicians to come down to earth and quit their "Don Quixote-like attitude" toward global issues.
Quixote is the hero of a novel by Spanish writer Miguel de Cervantes, who
was inspired by lofty and chivalrous but impractical ideals.
Quixotes of our time are in a ruthless terror fit; (they) are destroying
people with their gargantuan war machine and putting global life, security
and peace in threat," he told a group of academics and
intelligentsia at the Complutense University of Madrid.
Don Quixote look towards the world, when associated with lack of kindness,
mercy and love for human beings, would either lead to horrendous terror or
horrific wars," Khatami said.
Quixotes of our time do not see beyond themselves and want everything for
their own interests as well as their power and wealth.
Thus, they divide the world into 'us' and 'them' in which 'them' must be eliminated," he added.
The Iranian president denounced "provocative statements" when it comes to the issue of ties between the East and West, including call for another Crusade war between Muslims and Christians, which was first mentioned by US President George W. Bush after the Sept 11 terrorist acts.
"Anyone, who talks about a Crusade war today and wants to foment war between Muslims and Christians, is committing an immoral and indecent act," Khatami said.
President Bush has branded Iran as part of an "axis of evil" along with Iraq and North Korea for allegedly trying to acquire weapons of mass destruction, which Tehran rejects.
those who believe the world history is on a course toward destruction and
decadence and consider the world as captured and run by devils are following
Don Quixote in making enemies," Khatami said.
Iranian President Mohammad Khatami on Tuesday evening pledged
the full support of the Islamic Republic for a fundamental campaign against terrorism.
speaking at a dinner banquet with the Spanish King Juan Carlos,
said Iran, as a victim of terrorism, stresses the need to launch a fundamental campaign against the phenomenon, and will support any such struggle through international cooperation and resolutions of the United Nations.
obliterate the deadly phenomenon of terrorism, today we need to promote
morals, logic and justice, and to encourage a fundamental and unfettered
approach toward all state and non-state manifestations of terrorism all over the world," he said.
that advocate extremism, animosity, revenge, unilateralism, disregarding
morals and international protocols, and resorting to war and
violence, would merely expand the danger of terrorism."
described the current situation of the world as 'horrible,' and said
violence, terrorism, and adopting hostile policies have jeopardized the spiritual
and material life of mankind all over the world.
all such threats, terrorism has been the most dangerous contributor
to the current world situation, where peace, freedom, justice and security,
as the basic needs of mankind, have been threatened the most."
Iranian president called an international coalition for peace as the
to the prevailing world condition.
coalition for war does not definitely lead to peace, but a coalition for
can promote freedom, security and stability in the world," he said.
described variety and pluralism as the prominent features of today's
world, stressing that nations could never be 'unilaterally and illogically' grouped
in two camps of the good and the evil to be ruled over through a forceful procedure.
civilized world is expected to attach a significant importance to the role
of international organizations and multilateral cooperation," he said.
called the coalition for peace as a process that is based on
humanitarian efforts by all nations, and a bright outlook to materialize a
consensus in pushing forward the causes of peace, obliterating violence and
He further highlighted the contribution of a constructive dialogue among nations and governments toward that end.
constructive dialogue between Iran and Europe, and between Islam and
the West, that can prevent regional and international tensions through 'common sense' is a welcome approach to identify the complex issues of the current
world as well as joint solutions," said the Iranian president.
Carlos, for his part, pledged the Spanish support for President Khatami's initiative of dialogue among civilizations to promote peace in the world.
The Spanish king said he agreed with Khatami that establishing a connection between civilizations is the most appropriate approach to attain mutual understanding.
said a dialogue among civilizations would promote coexistence among
Carlos further said Spain would support President Khatami's reform programs in the Islamic Republic, and hoped Khatami would be able to meet the expectations of Iranian youth.
He said Iran enjoys a significant position in the world, adding that Iran plays an important role in boosting regional peace and stability.
President Mohammad Khatami was awardedthe special medal of Spain's Congress
The Spanish Congress of Deputies and Senate also presented the president a copy of Spain’s 1978 Constitution along with a volume of Spanish history.
national anthems of both countries were played at Marina Espanola Square,
where the Senate is located.
The president inspected various sections of Senate and the Congress of Deputies and then signed a commemorative notebook at Spain's Senate and delivered a speech.
Meanwhile, the Golden Key of the Spanish capital Madrid was presented to the Iranian president by its mayor, Alvarez del Manzano in a special ceremony.
At the ceremony, Del Manzano said, "The presentation of the Golden Key to Madrid to President Khatami indicates the Spanish government and people's respect for the Iranian nation and Spain hails Iran's president as the architect of the dialogue among civilizations.
"Iran and Spain as two mighty nations possessing great cultures are both determined to broaden mutual ties in all fields and Madrid has pinned high hopes on the prospect of such relations," he added.
President Khatami then signed the commemorative notebook of Madrid's Municipality.
At the ceremony, the president said it was an honor to receive the key of the beautiful and eternal city of Madrid.
Considering Spain's culture, language and status in the world, he pointed to
Spain as `gateway introducing a greater world'.
Considering Spain's culture, language and status in the world, he pointed to Spain as `gateway introducing a greater world'.
added, "The dialogue among civilization in today's world of fear and
hope is of great meaning and effect and this might reveal the differences in
the world to achieve the concept of `a common world'."
President Khatami referred to the unfortunate fact that misunderstandings are quite frequent nowadays, especially in the world of politics.
"Arrogance, discrimination, tension and failure in development contribute to building high walls of misunderstanding," he added.
He insisted on the need to promote understanding and establish relations between the civilizations.
Iran's proposed resolution entitled "Strengthening of Multilateralism in the Area of Disarmament and Non-Proliferation" was approved by the United Nations First Committee, dealing with the issue of disarmament, on Friday.
The resolution, which was put into polling after a few days of consultations with several member states of the Non-Aligned Movement, was approved by 100 votes for and 11 votes against.
Referring to the UN role in preserving international peace and security, the resolution reiterated that preventing and eliminating threats against peace as well as preventing aggression are in need of collective measures by all UN member states.
Multilateralism, as the basic foundation in disarmament and non-proliferation discussions was underlined by several articles of the resolution.
China Cultural Week kicked off activities in Niavaran Cultural Complex Saturday evening with a ceremony attended by Iranian Minister of cultural and Islamic GuidanceAhmad Masjed Jamei and his Chinese counterpart, Sun Jiazheng.
In connection with the weeklong celebration, the head of Iran's Cultural and Islamic Communications Organization, Mahmoud Mohammadi Araqi, said that activities to promote Iran China friendly relations on the political, cultural, economic, and scientific and research fronts would be in the interests of both countries.
He said the historical Silk Road is evidence of the long history of Iran-China commercial, cultural and civilizational relations, which, he said, should provide the basis for the two nations to move closer together.
He stressed that visits by the two countries' officials would also greatly improve relation.
Araqi praised the recent visit of Chinese President Jiang Zemin to Iran, saying it opened a new chapter in the two countries' efforts to promote mutual ties, particularly in the cultural arena.
He said Tehran University and Shahid Beheshti University have signed an academic cooperation agreement with Beijing's Foreign Studies University and Shanghai Jiao Tong University.
"The exchange of cultural and artistic groups between the two countries, translation and publication of seven Persian literary works into Chinese, mutual holding of cultural weeks, film festivals, exhibitions of Iranian handicrafts, an agreement to issue a 2003 commemorative stamp, the two countries' news agencies' cooperation and signing of an agreement making Isfahan and Xian sister cities are evidence of the two countries' growing mutual relations, Araqi said.
Sun Jiazheng, for his part, said the two countries both have a rich tradition of ancient cultures and civilizations and should further develop these areas in the present era.
During the ceremony, Masged jamei remarked with confidence that the visit of China's cultural minister to Iran would promote the two countries' relations in the cultural, scientific, artistic and economic areas even more.
A provincial tourism official referred to the unique tourism attractions of Iran on Saturday, regretting the country's low share of the industry's revenues.
Managing Director of Khorassan Province Branch of Iran Tours and Tourism Organization Rasoul Akbari said that Iran is among the top 10 tourism poles of the world in terms of possessing historical and monumental sites and natural attractions, but our share from the tourism industry is unfortunately very minute.
Speaking at the first gathering of the province's Tourism marketing and Propagation Commission, he added, "some 16 billion rials is earmarked for the expansion and boosting of the country's tourism industry in the framework of the 15 year comprehensive development plan of Iran."
He said it is predicted that this investment would gain back around 45 billion rials in five years' time.
Akbari considered Khorassan Province as one of the tourism poles of the country, attracting some 90 percent of the Iranian travellers and foreign tourists annually.
The tourists who choose to travel to Khorassan cities usually visit the religious, cultural, and historic sites of the province, as well as its beautiful natural resorts.
The present obstacles in the way of attracting tourists and the possible ways to eliminate them, the best ways to promote the country's tourism industry, and the effective ways of information processing in that field were among the topics addressed at the session.
Iran's International Tourism Fair was held in Tehran from October 8-12.
More than 55 Iranian and 14 foreign companies attended the fair.
Speakers at specialized committees of the International Forum of News Agencies - Coalition for Peace (IFNA-CP) on Tuesday evening condemned Samuel Huntington's Clash of Civilizations theory as framework for expansion of warmongering at global level.
Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting (IRIB) College Professor Peyman Jalili elaborating the theoretical foundations of Huntington's controversial theory, said: "Imagining different civilizations as a disintegrated phenomena is simple-mindedness and an oversimplification of universal matters."
He further elaborated, "the people of Iran and Nigeria, for instance, belong to two different cultures and civilizations, that are integrated in each other within the larger Islamic civilization, and therefore it is impossible to talk about total disintegration between the cultures of these two people."
He said that with the widespread development of technology, the world nations become more in touch with each other than ever imagined in the past, and feel closer to each other at an accelerating trend.
Jalili argued, "When the initiator of the Clash of Civilizations theory devised his idea two decades ago, he never thought his scientific work would serve as the framework for warmonger plans of the politicians of a country that is the most serious threat against global peace and stability today."
Allameh Tabatabaie University Professor, Dr. Rahaman Sa'idi, too, said that the idea of waging war to safeguard global security is foiled even before being put to trial.
He then turned to elaborate on the sensitive role played by news agencies in promotion of peace at global level.
Sa'idi said that western mentality and the aggrandization of poverty and deficiencies in the Third World countries are among the general features of all leading Western news agencies.
Dr. Mohammad-Reza Dehshiri from the International University of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, too, said that taking full advantage of all possibilities of the modern mass media is the only way to achieve success in an international coalition for peace.
He called the modern world the arena of the global mass media and close communications among the world nations, arguing that even the contacts among the world leaders are made possible through mass media today, unlike the past, and under such circumstances, the news agencies can play a most essential role in promotion and strengthening the foundations of peace at global level.
Head of the International Centre for Dialogue Among Civilizations, Ataollah Mohajerani, said that American scientists are invited to attend the seminars held in Iran to promote the culture of dialogue among Americans.
Mohajerani told the Japanese Ambassador to Tehran, Takekazu Kawamura that mutual understanding is necessary for dialogue. He invited the US people to contribute to Dialogue among Civilizations.
The Iranian official said that at present, President Mohammad Khatami's idea of Dialogue among Civilizations provides the best chance for materialization of peace, dialogue and friendship. He regretted that some countries seek to achieve their interests mostly through war and under the present conditions his centre is concentrating all its efforts to restore and propagate peace and friendship among other countries.
Mohajerani said Iran is keen on launching cultural dialogue with Japan.
Takekazu Kawamura, for his part, said that Tokyo is ready to prepare a suitable ground for promoting the idea of civilizational dialogue. He emphasized that his country is interested in organizing joint seminars with the participation of Iranian and Japanese scientists.
Director of Uzbek Information Agency (UzA) Mamatkul Khazratkulov here on Sunday described the International Forum of News Agencies (IFNA) - Coalition for Peace as significant news event aimed at materializing world peace.
He said that such forums play a decisive role in creating a peaceful atmosphere against hostile stance of some countries.
Referring to the current century as an era of information and news, Khazratkulov said, "The media can present correct information and news to the people across the world and prepare them for real peace. Nothing is more important than peace for the human community."
He stressed the significance of the commitment by news agencies to present correct information and news and said that dialogue and exchange of views among news agencies in a healthy atmosphere is the only way to draw up a news framework in opposing distorted news.
It is necessary to institutionalize such forums to promote and achieve global peace, he added.
"All news agencies, which are not manipulated by the ruling powers should find a way to tackle problems facing correct news dissemination.
He added that the direct exchange of information is the most significant criteria for cooperation between two news agencies.
He said that the people should be aware of what takes place across the world, besides being informed on the events happening in their immediate vicinity.
He added that such a goal might be achieved through mutual cooperation and without the interference of world powers.
The first International Forum of News Agencies (IFNA) - Coalition for Peace organized by the Islamic Republic News Agency IRNA) is slated for October 15-16 in Tehran.
Iran's International Tourism Fair will be held here from October 8-12.
Announcing this, the head of the center in charge of organizing the fair, Hashem Assadzadeh told reporters on Sunday that the aim in organizing the fair is to raise the number of tourism exchanges.
He said that more than 55 Iranian and 14 foreign companies would be attending the fair.
He said 1.2 million foreign tourists visited Iran last year and this figure, which is expected to increase up to more than two million in the current year.
The Chief Editor of the Syrian Arab News
Agency (SANA), Ghazi al-Deib, termed Iran's wise regional and international efforts as "harbingers of peace and security" in the world.
Al-Deib renewed Iran's initiative of holding the upcoming `International Forum of News Agencies - Coalition for Peace (IFNA) Conference' as a driving force to perpetuate and globalize President Mohammad Khatami's initiatives of `Dialogue among Civilizations" and "Coalition for Peace".
He said that the conference would be a great chance to convert the 21st century into the century of peace and dialogue and to put an end to discords among civilizations, religions and hegemonies in the context of anti-terror campaign.
The Syrian official hoped that world news agencies would cooperate in writing "global charter of Coalition for Peace" against "Coalition for War" through their presence in Tehran.
He proposed that Tehran's charter stress the importance of the establishment of peace on the basis of United Nations resolutions, international conventions with respect to the nations' absolute right to decide their fate, co-existence between nations, ending the policy of occupation and fight against global organized terrorism.
Al-Deib called regional and international news agencies to prepare the grounds for the establishment of coalition for peace, which he cited as the main objective of Tehran's charter.
"Unfortunately, denial of regional states' call for restoration of peace and security and superpowers' insistence to continue with their policy of committing injustice in the case of other nations as well as non-adherence to administration of justice, security and tranquility have made the world unstable," he said.
He went on to say that Tehran meeting should work out and propose logical and practical strategies, and convince world's news agencies to play a role in striking a balance among the world states.
He expressed hope that nations would in light of the balance lead a peaceful and tranquil life.
The journalist called massive assault on Arabs, Muslims and Islamic religion and civilization as an organized terrorism against thought, especially that by international Zionism.
He hoped that Tehran meeting would reach consensus to counter the ugly phenomenon. If logic, justice, rationalism and wisdom dominate the world free from any domination by owners of the economic, military and cultural powers, the world would admit all the IFNA participants as active members to the coalition for peace, concluded al-Deib.
IRNA is to hold a conference of the news agencies with a theme of
"coalition for peace" in Tehran from October 14-15 and has invited 79 foreign news agencies to take part in the international conference.
President Mohammad Khatami called for "Coalition for Peace" last
year in response to the US call to form a coalition for war.
Head of Turkmen State News Service (TSNS) Jeren Taimova here Tuesday welcomed the Islamic Republic of Iran's News Agency's initiative to hold the International Forum of News Agencies - Coalition for Peace and underlined the need for such a coalition in today's world.
Taimova, in an exclusive interview with IRNA, said that President Mohammad Khatami's initiative on dialogue among civilizations and the warm global response to this as well as the International Forum of News Agencies - Coalition for Peace indicates Iran's eagerness to promote dialogue and peace.
Expressing her country's readiness to attend the forum, Taimova said, "Given that Turkmenistan is committed to a policy of neutrality, peace and reconciliation, it will have much to say at the forum.
"The present forum provides a real opportunity to present the outlooks of our country on regional issues including that about Afghanistan and submit proposals for solving them," she added.
Referring to Iran as a country with rich history and culture, she said that the Iranian society is quite developed and pursues an independent attitude, which is of great significance.
Turning to the role of news agencies in materializing a world without violence, she said, "It has been said since old days that news reporters dominate the world and the news agencies might serve as the basic pivot to reach good understanding and materialize Iran's initiative of dialogue among civilizations.
She added, "The news agencies might contribute to providing suitable grounds for friendship and cooperation. Knowledge and awareness assists the public get a proper understanding on the global condition."
She said that the dissemination of news leads to both awareness of the people and their introduction to one another. These should serve as the main cornerstone for the cooperation between the news agencies.
Expressing the readiness of TSNS to cooperate to this respect, she said that it would launch an Internet site, which will mainly focus on promoting peace and understanding worldwide.
The upcoming International Forum of News Agencies - Coalition for peace is due to be held in Tehran on October 15-16 and will be attended by the heads of over 100 national, regional and international news agencies.
president and presidential advisor Seyyed Ataollah Mohajerani met and
conferred with cultural advisor to the king of Oman Abdol-aziz Mohammad
Al-Ravas and his accompanying delegation on Sept 25.
the departments and activities of the Centre, including holding national and
international seminars, publishing books and magazines pertaining to
Dialogue among Civilization, and cooperating with European cultural centers,
Dr. Mohajerani expressed interest in cooperating with scientific and
cultural centers of Islamic and Arab countries.
He stated: “Iranian
scholars and thinkers alone cannot promote Dialogue among Civilizations. To
this end, we need the help and cooperation of intellectuals and scholars of
Islamic countries, as well as others.”
further added: “Regrettably, the two countries of Iran and Oman do not
have a clear picture of each other. We must prepare the ground for the
intellectuals and thinkers to get to know each other, and a means to do that
is holding annual or biennial joint seminars.”
in turn referred to the historical background of Iran and its cultural
capacities throughout the centuries, as well as Iran’s geographical
situation and the religious mandates, saying: “All these surroundings have
made this Centre a very special and distinct place; a distinction that to my
belief emanates from Islam, Islamic outfit and the essence of religion, and
I am pleased that such a Centre was established in Tehran. I believe that
the real dialogue should commence from here.”
ex-minister of culture said: “Dialogue can turn a hostile enemy into a
on the unchanging rules, common principles, and constant encounters and
interactions between two countries, he held: “Up until now, we always had
problem achieving these goals. There has never been a discourse on solving
this problem. But, despite all these difficulties I have to mention that
divergence of ideas is a blessing, for it generates discussion and dialogue,
and leads to the creation of better solutions and results through
interaction and dialogue.”
also said: “Unfortunately, today this very same divergence of ideas has
turned out to be a source of trouble, but we should try to resolve the
differences together and take positive steps to better promote the issue of
Dialogue among Civilizations.”
first culture week of Iranian monotheistic religions is to open on Tuesday,
according to an official here on Saturday.
of the District One's Cultural and Artistic Activities Organization,
affiliated to Tehran Municipality, Mansoor Ahmadlu said that religious,
cultural and social figures are to attend the meeting.
said the meeting is to be held to help participants exchange views and
experiences and to raise the tendency towards monotheism.
said the meeting is to focus on the endeavors and contributions of the
religious minorities during Iran's eight-year sacred defense (1980-88) and
to promote dialogue among civilizations inside the country.
municipality authority added that the Jewish, Assyrian, Zoroastrian and
Armenian minorities are scheduled to present their customs and rituals as
well as their religious and ideological aspects
of culture to the participants.
exhibition, showcasing works of religious minorities' artists, and a press
fair of the minorities is going to open on the sidelines.
propaganda efforts by certain foreign media, the Iranian religious
minorities are provided with all their personal and social rights, said the
official, adding that the minorities have announced their readiness to
contribute to the culture week to show solidarity among all religious groups
first international forum of the Institute of Persian Language held in the
Tajik capital Dushanbe ended
the three-day forum, which was attended by 50 researchers and scholars of
the Persian language, literature and culture all over the world, various
issues of concern to Persian-speaking communities were assessed from the
social, cultural, psychological, literary, poetic and linguistic points of
70 papers and scientific reports in various fields of study such as
anthropology, history, linguistics, social events and cultural development
in Iran and the Central Asian states were presented during the forum.
forum was also attended by more than eight Iranian Orientologists.
the closing session of the forum, some Orientologists such as Gholam-Abbas
Tavassoli, a professor in Tehran University and head of the Iranian
Institute of Persian Language elaborated on the various aspects of Islamic
modernism and referred to the present era as a time for innovation and
pointed to the decisive role of intellectuals in the nation's progress and
underlined the fact that modern-day governments are hardly concerned with
are, actually, the ones who encourage human communities to adopt reforms by
opening their eyes to the advantages of modernism," he added.
stressed that "Islam has nothing against scientific progress and new
technologies, freedom and equality, freedom of expression and respect for
women's rights. This fact is best proven by the Iranian community."
Seyed Mohammad Khatami called on Iranian cinematographers and artists to
present the world with a `Cinema for Peace'.
the inaugural ceremony
of the National Cinematic Museum at Bagh-e Ferdows on Thursday, he said it
is high time cinematographers came up with a film of this kind to present to
the world which is in dire need of peace based on reason, justice and
president, who is also the head of Iran's Cultural Revolution Council, said:
"Given the fact that Iranian artists have access to the rich Islamic
have been gifted with sensitivity, they have the potential of producing this kind of film."
to cinema as the modern art, Khatami further said: "Despite the great
achievements made in cinema, its magic powers have been used over the years
to arouse people's emotions by depicting immoral themes or violence, and ever since the day computers became a household commodity the trend has kept growing."
Khatami said that in this modern age people are in search of a better life.
A genuine artist, he said, is one who can lead man towards a better world.
to the characteristics of cinema in the past century, he said that thousands
of films have been made on war and that some have portrayed the ugly reality
of people committing suicide.
heroes of such films have became icons of violence and, unfortunately, at
the start of the third millennium such heroes and the vices they portrayed
are still being idolized," he added.
to the president, despite the great progress made by man, violence and vice
are still everyday realities that are increasing with every passing day.
National Cinematic Museum is a rare exhibition of historical remnants of
Khatami, who was accompanied by Minister of Culture and Islamic Guidance
Ahmad Masjed Jamei and a number of Iranian cinematographers during the
museum's inaugural, viewed the different sections of the museum.
of photographs from various periods of Iranian film and Iranian
cinematographers as well as 3,000 state documents related to cinematic
affairs were among the items displayed.
documents pertaining to the Iranian cinema and documents evidencing
ownership of theaters over the past 90 years, 5,000 cinematic periodicals
collected since 1930, 500 ancient movie cameras and screening devices,
samples of clothes worn in films and set decors are among other objects on
display in the museum.
“Christians and Muslims must understand each other,” states professor of missions and world religions, Sept 21, 2002
Christians and Muslims need to reach out and try to understand each other better, a religion professor told a Moore County audience.
George W. Braswell, a distinguished professor of missions and world
religions at Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary at Wake Forest,
offered some first-hand insight into Islam during two lectures at the
Village Chapel in Pinehurst. The title of his lecture was “Christianity
and Islam: Close Encounters and Great Divides.” About 150 people attended
been educated in the religions of the world,” Braswell said, “and I
wrote my doctoral thesis on the religion and politics in Iranian Shi’ah.
But my greatest knowledge of Islam has come from my personal experiences
with people who practice Islam.”
his lecture, Braswell described the origins of the religion, the life and
teachings of Muhammad, the empires that advanced the cause of Islam in the
world, the status of the Muslim world today and the future of the
relationship between Islam and Christianity.
made it clear that he is deeply concerned about Christian-Muslim relations
both in the West and in the Household of Islam, especially after the Sept.
11 terrorist attacks.
view the Western world, for the most part — and Judeo-Christian
backgrounds — as corrupt, immoral, secularistic, humanistic and against
Islam,” Braswell said. “And so, therefore, he would want to put that
pornography, materialism and a high divorce rate, radical Muslims see the
United States as a failed Christian nation.
as American Muslims have sought to distance themselves from fanaticism,
Braswell said many are conflicted about how to interpret the Quran and its
passages permitting holy war or jihad.
got to ask the supposedly mainstream or moderate Muslims who love peace,
what is the actual basis for the meaning of jihad (holy war)?” Braswell
believes an explanation from peace-loving Muslims will help us everyone.
a time for us to reach out and understand people,” Braswell said. “It is
our duty to understand Islam as factually as we can.”
has grown to be a world religious power since its beginning in 632 A.D.,
according to Braswell. There are 1.3 million Muslims in the world, making
Islam the second largest religion.
common mistake Americans make is they assume that all Muslims are Arab,
Braswell said. But the truth is that 45 percent of Muslims in the world are
non-Arabs who have been converted in recent years.
has been a tremendous advancing religion for centuries,” Braswell said.
“It is great in numbers and becoming extensively great in influence.
Muslims in the United States are rising up to claim more religious
recognition and political power. There is Islamic revival and resurgence.”
Islam gains power, Braswell worries what will happen to Christian-Muslim
relations. He deals with the issue in his book, “Islam: Its Prophet,
Peoples, Politics and Power.”
needs to engage Islam about such topics as theocracy, the relationship of
religion and government, the nature of religious pluralism in a society, and
the provision of religious liberty and freedom of choice in religion,”
Braswell said. “The way Islam answers these topics influences the
missionary nature of Christianity, the sending of missionaries across
cultures, the freedom of individuals to choose their religion, and the
protection provided citizens of a nation.”
to Braswell, there is one question that must be asked: “Within Islam, can
Christianity stand alongside Islam and be granted the freedom of
order to find the answer, Braswell urges everyone to “reach out and try to
understand people of Islamic faith.”
earned a bachelor’s in philosophy and history from Wake Forest University,
a bachelor’s degree in divinity in missions from Yale University, a
master’s degree in cultural anthropology from the University of North
Carolina at Chapel Hill, a doctorate in theology and missions from
Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary and a doctorate in cultural
anthropology from UNC-Chapel Hill. He is the author of nine books.
the anniversary of the September 11th US terrorist attacks,
Cultural Bureau of the IRI regional office in Seoul and Chi-Shik
Publications jointly published “Khatami’s Dialogue among
Civilizations” in 10 chapters and 260 pages.
embassy at Seoul reports that the book, which is an account of IRI president
on the initiative of Dialogue among Civilizations, has been received
remarkably well in South Korea.
book has been translated by Dr. Li He Su, author of the acknowledged
“Islam”, 2001 best selling book of South Korea,” newspapers write.
“Not only the distinguished personality of President Khatami has made
Iranian and world public opinion believe him as a sincere and honest
politician, but also his command over modern philosophy and sciences has
turned him into a favorite figure among different classes of people.”
science professor of Tehran Universities Dr. Hermidas Bavand called Dialogue
among Civilizations a mechanism to organize and humanize the process of
Globalization, stressing that this is now a critical issue in the framework
of new global transformations known as Globalization.
three-day 16th international meeting on ‘Religions, Cultures and
Dialogue' opened in the Italian city of Palermo, Sicily, on Sept 1.
meeting is being attended by more than 450 representatives from monotheistic
religions and outstanding global cultural figures.
process of dialogue among religions, the role of cultures in reducing
tensions and conflicts among countries will be discussed at the meeting.
General of the Global Assembly on Proximity among Islamic Faiths, Ayatollah
Mohammad Ali Taskhiri is heading the Iranian delegation to the meeting.
representative to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Organization (UNESCO), Ahmad Jalali, referred to the need to increase
promotion of the concept of ‘dialogue among civilizations,' saying it is
the greatest challenge facing today's world.
the sidelines of the ongoing first educational forum entitled ‘Dialogue
among Civilizations and Global Issues,' Jalali stressed the fact that
measures so far taken worldwide have been directed only to gaining
understanding of the concept and that little is done toward putting it into
positive approach of most countries towards the idea of dialogue among
civilizations highlights the need for dialogue which concept has been
evident among Western cultures and civilizations since the late 19th
century," he added.
noted that efforts to promote the concept have led world countries to
realize that the solution to public difficulties may not be found just in
one culture and civilization, no matter how technologically advanced it may
to the role of institutions and organizations in materializing the concept,
he said that governments are not the only representatives of world cultures
and civilizations, and that all elements capable of promoting cultures and
civilizations can be just as effective as these representatives.
Pointing to the
indifference of certain domestic circles toward the issue of dialogue among
civilizations, Jalali said that it should be exploited to the most to keep
today's generation aware of their past and to encourage dialogue with other
cultures based on the message in the heart of Iran's culture.
‘Dialogue Among Civilizations and Global Issues' forum, which opened
Saturday in Tehran, is sponsored by the School of International Relations of
the Foreign Ministry in cooperation with the United Nations University
(UNU), and is aimed at devising practical ways for conducting dialogue among
three-day forum, which is to conclude today, is attended by representatives
of the European Union and the UNU along with over 20 professors and scholars
in international relations from various countries.
of Civilizations will make a breakthrough in universal application of human
rights, Dean of Educational Department of United Nations University Mrs.
Birgit Ponitovsky said.
said that dialogue of civilizations does not aim to form a universal
culture, but it seeks to find the common grounds on certain principles
including the human rights.
a three-day Conference in Tehran on dialogue of civilizations, Mrs.
Ponitovsky said that the UN University has decided to give more importance
to the youth in the dialogue of civilizations as a new paradigm in
Russian scholar in political sciences Petr Razvin believes that the
interaction between `dialogue among civilizations' and `globalization' is
a senior researcher at Russia's Foreign Ministry's Political Sciences
Academy said that dialogue among civilizations is necessary and
globalization will result in closer ties between the civilizations.
recalled that besides its positive aspects, `globalization' also has its
dull and negative side, which should be taken into consideration in finding
proper solutions to overcome them.
to Razvin, the unbalanced propagation of culture worldwide stems from
economic globalization and dominance of several trans-national media at the
global level. He underlined that no country or culture can remain aloof from
globalization by isolating itself.
three-day forum on `Dialogue Among Civilizations and Global Issues' opened
in Tehran on August 31, sponsored by the School of International Relations
of the Foreign Ministry in cooperation with the United Nations University
(UNU), and aiming at devising practical ways for conducting dialogue among
of the European Union and the UNU along with over 20 professors and scholars
in international relations from various countries are participating in the
The International Conference of News Agencies on Coalition for Peace will focus on the role the news agencies should play in consolidating international peace and understanding, secretary of the conference Habibollah Sangtarash stated.
IRNA will host the international conference in Tehran on October 15-16. "Distorting the facts and fabricating false concepts are the stumbling blocks for the modern time. Unfortunately, the mass media has fallen into trap of the political and military powers who are undermining the values of the international community only to maintain their superiority," Sangtarash said.
He said that the journalists are the soldiers of peace and friendship, and the news agencies play a major role in fostering international understanding so that the conference will work to form a common ground for carrying out professional obligations by observing ethics.
the United States call to form coalition for war, President Mohammad Khatami
proposed 'Coalition for Peace' and IRNA decided to hold a conference on
'Coalition for Peace', inviting news agencies from around the world to take
said that the outstanding paradigm of the issue can be observed in some
universities, research institutions and written works of renowned scholars
and politicians worldwide as well as the UN.
to the role of international organizations in promoting and sustaining the
concept of "dialogue among civilizations," he said that the
decisive moves of the UN toward promoting the idea shows that it has
achieved an international status.
proposal for a dialogue among civilizations is not for a matter of a year or
a decade; it is a framework of new thoughts which calls for an exchange of
ideas among men of thought and word through which the freedom of expression,
pen and thought will be materialized," said Kharrazi.
pursuing educational and practical objectives through training and
application of techniques, the forum is expected to set a new endeavor and a
worthy experience in promoting the concept of "dialogue among
three-day international forum on "Dialogue among Civilizations and
Global Issues" sponsored by the School of International Relations of
the Foreign Ministry in cooperation with the United Nations University (UNU)
kicked off today at the foreign ministry's Office of Political and
to the joint efforts of the two sponsoring institutions, students, scholars
and practitioners are undertaking effective roles nationally, regionally and
internationally toward the same end.
Iranian Foreign Minister Kamal Kharrazi opened here Saturday the three-day international forum on "Dialogue among Civilizations and Global Issues.”
The forum, sponsored by the School of International Relations of the Foreign Ministry in cooperation with the United Nations University (UNU), is aimed at devising practical ways of dialogue among civilizations. Representatives of the European Union and the UNU along with over 20 professors from various countries are participating in the forum. A number of Iranian ambassadors and high-ranking political and cultural officials and university students are among other forum participants.The organizer of the forum, Massoud Eslami, said that four main subjects are to be discussed in the forum, namely, the impact of "dialogue among civilizations" on international peace and security, human rights, the environment and globalization and development.
Mohammad Khatami said on Aug 17 that the Islamic Republic of Iran is
pursuing a policy of detente, peace and dialogue based on mutual respect and
non-intervention in others' internal affairs.
told Iran's cultural attaches abroad that the prerequisites for promoting
Islam and the revolution, fit to serve as a model for other countries, are
scientific and technological progress, overcoming backwardness and building
a democratic working relations among various sections of the government.
"Otherwise, our slogans would have a negative result," he said.
president said democracy should turn into a global value and spirituality be
incorporated in dialogue among civilizations, as the two issues (democracy
and spirituality) are the backbone of the future.
held that strong presence on different scenes is among the most important
national interest -- a call same as the wishes of any other nation, adding
that the cause is consistent with the aspiration of the Iranians.
President further claimed: "We do not want power for acquire hegemony,
seize others' properties and impose our wishes on others. For one, such a
power is inconsistent with Islamic standards Iranian identity, and on the
other hand, it is not accepted by the world."
said freedom, security and justice should be accepted in their entirety.
Security is essential for freedom, while freedom and justice are synonymous
with security, stated Khatami, adding that peace, freedom, security and
justice are all close to the Iranians and mankind.
president maintained that freedom, justice, independence and peace are among
other principles of Iran's national interests, adding that Iran preaches
justice at the international level and calls for removal of humiliation,
suppression, and differences, which are the main causes of clashes and wars
said in the absence of independence one cannot embark on the road to social
prosperity. “Independence does not mean keeping aloof from the world,
rather, it means preventing others' intervention and making decisions based
on national interests so as to restore social order,” he pointed out.
said support for the oppressed is engrained in the Iranian nation's history
as well as its characteristics and Islamic behavior and attitude. The
support, however, is not intervention in others' affairs -- for instance
strengthening the opposition and affiliated forces with the aim of creating
problems for governments, he added.
president said: "We reaffirm our opposition to injustice anywhere in
the world and also any move towards suppressing freedom and the right of
self-determination of nations; we believe that such moves cannot
successfully meet its objectives."
Islamic Revolution, he said, came into being by relying on the public and
their growing awareness as well as the wise leadership of the late Imam
Khomeini. "We are proud that the move was not affiliated to
anybody," announced Khatami.
Khatami said the force emanating from the people does not need to be
affiliated and, if it is, it is corrupt.
we are for independence and non-interference of others, we too should adhere
to it ourselves," said Khatami, adding that from this angle, Iran
adopts its foreign policy in the name of the nation and freedom to defend
itself against the most hated and unfounded groups aiming to undermine
Iran's establishment, as intervention and is against it.
said that unfortunately, in the contemporary world, any move endangering
interests of certain powers, is subject to variety of allegations. He added
that to justify their suppressive acts, the powers attribute the moves to a
government so as to suppress both the move and the government they claim has
the global level, we call for ties which are free from any humiliation,
injustice, suppression and difference; we will try to present our ideas and
propagate them so as to win the support of the world governments and people
with an aim to establish an equity-based international system devoid of any
ambition," announced Khatami.
nation and government rely on themselves and strengthen national interests,
can resist this in the long run and become confident that they are being
heard in the world, he added.
Iranian president said western civilization would not be removed through
directives or coups. "We should admit that one can grasp positive
points of it (western civilization), while refusing to surrender
unilaterally to all its values," he held.
said a critical approach can be useful in forging further understanding,
blocking intervention in each others' affairs and showing respect.
called on all the well wishing scholars in the West and Islamic countries to
find ways to save man from two dangerous poles, which push the world towards
said that unfortunately, today the world is facing a situation unprecedented
in history. He added that it is atmosphere of war and war-mongering.
However, he commented, man's conscience cannot be ignored. One should try to
negate any form of violence through dialogue among civilizations and
coalition for peace, he urged.
condemned any kind of intervention in others' affairs and said: "Iran
had been victim of crimes, terror and violence of the Taliban; it did not
accept existence, method and attitude of the government and den of
corruption, but at the same time opposed US intervention to upset order
there (in Afghanistan).
we are opposed to US intervention in Iraq, despite having problems with that
country, because the US tries to harmonize the world by force; this is a bad
practice that would prevail the world," Khatami objected.
intervention in the name of nations to secure interests of big powers is a
'big insult' to human beings, said Khatami, adding that it would destabilize
security in all countries.
thanked Iran's representative offices abroad for safe-guarding Iran's
interests and building a solid link with other countries. He said these
offices should take the lead in defending the rights of Iran and Iranians
all over the world.
President Mohammad Khatami upbraided what he called an 'aura of violence and rage' created after the September 11 terror attack on American landmarks and renewed his call on the world to embrace 'coalition for peace' and dialogue.
In a meeting with the President of the Seton Hall University, New Jersey, Monsignor Robert Sheeran and the accompanying delegation on the evening of Aug 15, the Iranian president said that the world today needs dialogue more than any time.
"After the September 11 event, it was expected that the world would pay more attention to the idea of coalition for peace as a complement to the idea of dialogue among civilizations," he said of his own brainchildren, announced as an international theme in 2001by the United Nations.
"Instead of becoming angry, victims of terror and violence must be sympathized with," Khatami said, implicitly criticizing the US for mounting on a self-declared anti-terror campaign.
described terror 'ominous and infamous, saying: "Terror does not
understand location and gender; it is rather a phenomenon rising from
despise, discrimination and repression
of humans. Thus, for a fundamental fight, it needs to hit at the causes and hotbeds of terror.”
Khatami said on July 18 that the West and the world of Islam should start a
new phase of dialogue to find ways of better living for themselves and human
in a meeting with the visiting Chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee of
the European Parliament Elmar Brok, said under present sensitive conditions
dialogue between the two civilizations of East, particularly Islam, and West
is extremely important for its impact on future of the world free from any
political and economic considerations.
said opposition against war and terrorism, defending of spirituality and
implementation of justice are the three common points on which the world
nations can hold a dialogue. He added that the policy makers should prepare
necessary grounds for real dialogue among thinkers, philosophers and
recalled differences and distinctions among countries on the way of their
access to freedom and democracy, and called independence, freedom and
progress as the major demands of Iranians.
said there is no single way for the establishment of democracy and freedom
in a society, stressing that nations can obtain an experience of other forms
of democracy by relying on their religious and cultural dictates.
added that the experience of moving towards democracy in Iran would be
followed on the basis of an Islamic insight, which goes with man's freedom
President said Iranian government and nation would try to pass the way in
shorter time with the least expenses. He stressed refusing to impose views
on others, remove weak points of democracy in the west and strengthening new
models of democracy.
said Iran is far ahead of other countries due to the status of its women,
universities and press, which are far ahead of the standards set forth by
said that Iran tries to meet its real needs in the fields of economic and
science and move towards all-out development with success.
in his remarks, Khatami said Iran's support for the Palestinian people is
something ethical and right. “The Middle East is in need of peace and
durable peace would be restored just in light of restoration of the rights
of all the Palestinians, including the residents of the land and the
refugees," said Khatami.
stances of Europe vis-a-vis the Middle East issues are times fair and
logical than those of the US and Iranians believe that Europe should have
more active presence in the field, said the President.
said cooperation in anti-drugs campaign is among grounds for cooperation
between Iran and the European Union.
for his part highlighted common bonds between the West and the world of
Islam and Iran, as one of the important centers of civilization in the East.
He said that many differences and conflicts in the past resulted from
misunderstandings and disputes.
praised Iranian people's endeavors in the way of achieving freedom and
democracy and stressed removal of certain problems through adhering common
said that European Parliament favors expansion of dialogue with Iran to
added that campaign against smuggle of drugs and terrorism, dismantle of the
mass destruction weapons and settlement of the Middle East issues are among
common grounds for mutual cooperation.
underlined the need to remove prejudgments, and suspicions and reliance
instead on common interests.
concluded that Europeans believe that Palestine should be home and sanctuary
for all religions. He said expansion of trade and commercial ties between
Iran and Europe would serve as a first step towards promotion of mutual
this meeting the two sides explored ways of boosting the Iran-France
cooperation on the promotion of the idea of dialogue among civilizations.
Both sides agreed that one of the fundamental principles of dialogue is that
they have to respect "the logic of the dialogue", which is defined
as mutual respect for each others' viewpoints and attitudes.
French delegation then moved on to make proposals on eight main issues
including: “Translating and publishing books”, “Composing books on
subjects such as Social Psychology of the Iranian Society, Role of
Government in the Society, Religious Conscience and Freedom”, “Inviting
intellectuals, writers and artists of the two countries”, “Holding joint
seminars attending academics, journalists and the Young”, “Cooperation
of IRIB and Mediterranean Radio”,
“Working on Iran’s Accredited Cinema’ and “Cooperation with
image of Iran in the minds of French people is one of ten years ago. Our
people still regard Iran as a hazardous country with a high element of risk
involved. We feel there is not enough information about Iran and Iranians in
France, and so we intend to introduce the Iranian culture and civilization
to our people,” held Dr. Tahir Bin Ahmad.
further stressed: “Due to their overpowering sense of domineering,
Westerners always have a problem entering and understanding other peoples’
worlds. One way of resolving such problem is cultural interchanges and
publication of books on different cultures and civilizations.”
Ahmad stressed that dialogue could contribute to efforts in improving
international relations among states, and help human beings to achieve
progress. He further noted that dialogue among civilizations creates
understanding among nations and plays a decisive role in the development of
international cooperation among countries.
attending the meeting was French
Ex-Ambassador to Tehran and Jacque Chirac’s especial representative on the
issue of Afghanistan Mr. Pierre La France, who proposed that a seminar
titled “Bonds of Culture and Religion” be held jointly by ICDAC and
West-Islam Institute to discuss universally shared principles of religions.
in this meeting, Vice-President
Institute and head of l'Harmattan
Publications Mr. Denis
Bryen emphasized: “ In Europe, there exist presumptions resulting from the
traditional Orientology. The French try to convince all others of their own
superior ideas. Thus, one can say that there is a kind of a dominant
monologue in France, which we aim to remedy.”
Vice-President of the
Institute Mr. Gheis Javad also stressed the necessity of a real dialogue
between the peoples of Iran and France, and expressed disapproval of
“imposing one’s own version on others.”
giving a brief introduction of the Centre’s activities, Dr. Mohajerani in
turn welcomed the French delegation’s proposal, saying: “Dialogue
meetings could provide appropriate grounds for world scholars and
intellectuals to find out more effective measures to deal with the problems
on the international stage.”
highlighted tolerance and permissiveness as critical principles of President
Khatami’s dialogue plan, describing as impossible any progress in forging
ahead international relations regardless of the role of dialogue.
could be a basis for settlement of many international issues,” Mohajerani
stated, underlining the prime importance of mutual understanding among
states and stressed the need for utilization of the dialogue principles and
existing opportunities to solve the differences on the international stage.
translation of books as a way of knowing ‘The Other’ is a remarkably
active endeavor in Iran,” ICDAC president continued, pointing that in the
past year 30,000 books were published in Iran, two third of which have been
new titles, and half of the new titles translations from other languages
also added: “Almost all our younger generation and university students and
professors are familiar with cultural themes of Europe, America, Latin
America and Arab world. Nevertheless, we still feel the necessity of
presenting our cultural and civilizational identity to the world, and one of
the best ways to do that is publishing books.”
to the publication of books on Classic literature by the ICDAC publication
as an introduction to the culture and civilization of other countries,
Mohajerani held it of high importance to concentrate on the ‘Logic of
Dialogue’, adding: “Dialogue participants should hold each other as in
equal positions, and none should impose his views on the other.” To
further this issue, he set forth a proposal that a seminar titled “Logic
of Dialogue” be held jointly by Iran and France.
He maintained that the Centre is prepared to extend cooperation for the eight proposals made by the French delegation.
The French delegation is in Tehran for talks with the Iranian officials on modalities of actively engaging in efforts on promotion of dialogue.