• What is Dialogue Among Civilizations?
Dialogue Among Civilizations can be defined from two different aspects in relation to the subject: 1) Dialogue, and 2) Civilization. There are extensive opinions, theories and discussions in both fields. One can formulate a definition for Dialogue Among Civilizations with accordance to these two sets of theories. It is a specialized discussion, more in line of Sociology, Anthropology and particularly Philosophy. A definition more applied to the International Centre for dialogue Among Civilizations would be: Any deliberate effort based on ethics, reason and nonviolence to understand the others in the cultural and civilizational areas.  
Return
  • Which civilizations are mostly involved in Dialogue Among Civilizations, and who are the representatives of these civilizations?
Naturally there would be a difference between a civilization and a civilized person. The representatives of civilizations are men of culture, whose words are like the story of their land, its history, culture and language. Some historian specialized in the history of India in the Middle Ages cannot be the true representative of Indian Civilization. Now if India had a spirit and this spirit would influence a person in a way that his heart and soul and language would be that of India, he would be the real representative of the Indian nation in dialogue among civilizations.

Put this way, there would be no prejudice in recognizing the representatives of Dialogue Among Civilizations. The countries are young and civilizations old. There may be several countries related to one civilizational area. The civilizations of Malaysia or the Philippines may not be easily distinguished from each other, but the regional civilization of these countries has a special flavor. Those with the power to understand and to make understood are the true representatives of countries in dialogue.  
Return

  • How is Dialogue Among Civilizations and its presentation at this point of time related to the international peace?
The issues of Dialogue Among Civilizations and Peace are related in three stages: 1) the introduction, 2) the realization, 3) the outcome. Dialogue requires peaceful relations. You cannot encourage dialogue and understanding with treachery and jealousy and hatred, so to introduce dialogue we must have peaceful intentions. As the dialogue is moving ahead, each side should try to understand and not negate the other, so again we need a peaceful relationship, both in individual and social psychological areas. Naturally the outcome of such dialogue will be a peaceful one. So Dialogue Among Civilizations is in connection with Peace in three different levels, but of course we cannot reduce Dialogue Among Civilizations and cultures to the issue of peace.
 
Return
  • What has been the originating factor for Dialogue Among Civilizations ?
Dialogue Among Civilizations in its new form was President Khatami’s response to Mr. Huntington’s theory of Clash of Civilizations. Mr. Huntington’s theory and the social- political reasons behind it are more or less known to everyone. Considering this theory and the necessity of a rebuttal as the sole reason for the proposal of Dialogue Among Civilizations will be a kind of degradation for President Khatami’s theory, for Mr. Khatami’s theory is much more exhaustive. Of course it was conceived as a response to Huntington’s theory, but the way it acquired a global significance, makes the fact that it was originally a rebuttal to Huntington’s theory a marginal one now.  
Return
  • How is it possible to actually perform dialogue among people and the key participants?
There is a kind of intellectual understanding of the subject, which is of course popular with intellectuals. But there is also the public to be considered. The public, if not incited by politicians, are naturally inclined to tolerate and learn from others. Apparently one of the main reasons for wars is alienation, i.e. the alienating process usually precedes the actual fighting. Even if it is one’s own brother to fight with, he should be first defraternized into a stranger and then fought with. Where there is a brotherly bond, it’s impossible to provoke a fighting mood. To prevent this from happening, any factor spreading the concept of alienation in the society should be opposed. There should be instead the attempt to teach people to acquaint themselves with others, for conciliation follows acquaintance. By acquaintance we don’t mean gaining general information about the countries, their populations and natural resources –although it is important to know about the history and geography of other countries- but a subtle, more intimate knowledge. If we can make our own people see the world as their home, and if all other countries do the same, any person living in any place will truly sympathize with the person living in the opposite end of the world, because he shares the same hopes and emotions, and feels the same happiness and grief. We have situations in Philosophy called the Borderline situations. In Literature they call them dramatic situation. Murder, love and death are examples of such situations. Death is a philosophical subject, also important in Literature. If we feel deep inside that the person opposite us feels the same grief over the death of his loved ones, experiences the same apprehension about his own death, then our human weaknesses will bring us as close as our strengths would.  
Return
  • How can interested people cooperate with ICDAC?

Experts in special fields like Philosophy, Sociology, Anthropology, Literature and Comparative Literature can definitely cooperate with the Centre in their respective field of knowledge. They can propose research projects to the Centre and follow them up, promote the idea behind the projects, work on the project and participate in the gatherings held on the relative occasions, encouraging their statesmen to indulge more in the issue… In short, the governments have pledged to partake in the Dialogue Among Civilizations and cultures. Carrying out this pledge requires certain necessities. If these necessities are accepted and encouraged by the public, it will be great help to the ICDAC. Those who study Art are also welcome, for Art is in nature one of the most effective languages of Dialogue.
Return